Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) Production Cost Analysis 2020

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene or ABS is an example of a common thermoplastic polymer. Its glass transition temperature is approximately 105 °C. Since ABS is amorphous, it does not really have any true melting point. Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene is produced by polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene. For most applications, ABS is used between −20 and 80 °C (−4 & 176 °F) as its mechanical properties vary with temperature. These properties are produced by rubber toughening, where fine particles of elastomer are distributed throughout the rigid matrix.

The discovery of ABS originated with the desire to improve on the synthetic rubber styrene-butadiene or SBR. ABS plastics became widely available during the 1950s. The variability of its copolymers with the ease of processing made ABS one of the most popular polymers. ABS is one of the most efficient thermoplastics. It is because of its qualities like hardness, toughness, and electrical and chemical resistance. It acts perfectly as a ‘bridge’ polymer whose properties lie between commodity plastics and high-performance engineering thermoplastics. ABS is one of the largest selling engineering thermoplastic.

ABS is basically that terpolymer, which is made up of a polymer composed of three distinctive monomers, i.e. acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene in varying proportions. Each one of these monomers serves to impart the benefits to ABS where acrylonitrile gives chemical and thermal stability, butadiene helps in toughness and impact strength, and styrene provides the plastic a nice and glossy finish.The most crucial mechanical properties of ABS are impact resistance and toughness. A variety of alterations can be made to improve impact resistance, toughness, and heat resistance. By altering the proportions of its components, ABS can be produced in several grades. The two major categories could be ABS for extrusion and ABS for injection moulding.

By polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile with polybutadiene, chemical “chains” attract each other and bind together to make ABS stronger. Such a combination of materials and plastics provides ABS with superior hardness, gloss, toughness and resistance properties, greater than that of pure polystyrene. 

Procurement Resource provides an in-depth cost analysis of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) production. The report incorporates the manufacturing process with detailed process and material flow, capital investment, operating costs along with financial expenses and depreciation charges. The study is based on the latest prices and other economic data available. We also offer additional analysis of the report with detailed breakdown of all cost components (Capital Investment Details, Production Cost Details, Economics for another Plant Location, Dynamic Cost Model).

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