Coal liquefication is the process of converting coal into liquid hydrocarbons as liquid fuels and petrochemicals. This method is often known as coal to X, where X can be several distinct hydrocarbon-based products. The most common process chain in coal liquefication is coal to liquid fuels or CTL.
Specific liquefication technologies generally fall into two categories either direct aka DCL or indirect liquefication aka ICL processes, where the direct processes are based on approaches such as carbonisation, pyrolysis, and hydrogenation. Indirect liquefication methods generally include gasification of coal to a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen. This is often known as synthesis gas or simply syngas. In contrast, direct liquefication processes convert coal into liquids directly without relying on intermediate steps such as breaking down the organic structure of coal with the application of hydrogen-donor solvent, often done at high pressures and temperatures.
Procurement Resource provides an in-depth cost analysis of Coal Liquefication production. The report incorporates the manufacturing process with detailed process and material flow, capital investment, operating costs along with financial expenses and depreciation charges. The study is based on the latest prices and other economic data available. We also offer additional analysis of the report with detailed breakdown of all cost components (Capital Investment Details, Production Cost Details, Economics for another Plant Location, Dynamic Cost Model).
This report provides the cost structure of coal liquefication by direct liquefaction. In this process, coal is exposed to hydrogen at 450°C along with high pressure for one hour in the presence of recycled solvent and iron-based catalyst.
This report provides the cost structure of gasoline production by the fractional distillation process. The fractional distillation of crude oil is done to separate components of different boiling point.
This report presents an analysis of capital and operating costs of a -based industrial plant. For those interested in economic assessments considering other plant locations, Procurement Resource offers optional analyses that complement this report.