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Global Carbon Steel Industry Report: by Sector; Country Overview; Value Chain Analysis; Production Process; Trade Analysis; Cost Structure; Market Dynamics: Drivers & Constraints, Industry Events, Innovations & Trends, SWOT Analysis, Porter’s Five Forces; Industry Best Practices: Sourcing Strategy, Procurement Model, Contract Structure, Negotiation Levers, Pricing Model; Key Supplier Analysis, 2022-2027

Carbon Steel Industry Report by Regional Category Spend, Price Analysis, Key Demand, and Price Indicators, and Best Buying Practices

The global Carbon Steel market reached a volume of about 1917.60 MMT in 2021. The industry is projected to grow at a CAGR of around 2% in the forecast period of 2022-2027 to reach a volume of about 2159.53 MMT by 2027.

The global Carbon Steel industry report gives a comprehensive analysis of the industry, including key segments, trends, drivers, restraints, the competitive landscape, and other essential market aspects. The industry is being driven by the material's use in various infrastructure applications, including frame materials, pipelines, fences, gates, and structural components. Low carbon steel is commonly used in fence construction, whereas mild and medium carbon steel is utilised in bridge and building structure construction, propelling the market growth. In the industry report, the key demand indicator is the highest category spender by region—Asia.

Industry Definition and Segmentation

Carbon steel is a type of steel that consists of an iron and carbon alloy. Carbon steel can also refer to steel that isn't stainless steel; it has a more extensive carbon content, a lower melting point, and is more durable. Carbon steel is the extremely widespread engineering and construction raw material for large-scale industrial uses, such as maritime constructions, power plants, transportation, chemical processing, and petroleum extraction and refining. The Carbon Steel industry report comprises segments by sector (Construction, Mechanical Equipment, Automotive, Electrical Equipment, Domestic Appliances) and region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East, Africa, and South America).

The Asia Pacific Region is Driving the Growth of the Industry

The Asia Pacific region holds the largest share of the market due to the increasing usage of carbon steel in constructing bridges, fences, and buildings throughout the region. Carbon steel is being more widely used in end-use sectors such as building, aviation, and automobiles. To enhance general economic growth, nations such as India, China, and Southeast Asia allocate a considerable amount of their budget to infrastructure development. Furthermore, the rise of the shipbuilding industry is likely to further the market growth.

The industry is primarily driven by the material's extensive application in the construction industry. Carbon steel is used in a wide range of goods, including flat-rolled sheets, structural steels, pipelines, pressure vessels, and the broad spectrum. The demand for high-strength and cost-effective construction materials such as carbon steel is growing as smart cities, tech parks, shopping malls, and other public infrastructures such as hospitals, auditoriums, and schools are being built. As a result, the global carbon steel market is expanding. The governments of developing countries are legislating and executing infrastructure development plans and initiatives. The government is continually investing in research and development initiatives for infrastructure development. For the sake of economic growth, the government funds infrastructure development endeavours. These developments enhance the market's demand for carbon steel. As a consequence of the increased focus on infrastructure development, the carbon steel market is expected to grow healthy over the projected period.

However, fluctuations in the price of lightweight materials in automobiles and expensive MRO (maintenance, repair, and overhaul) facilities for carbon steel items are likely to hamper the industry's expansion.

Best Procurement Practices

The global Carbon Steel industry report by Procurement Resource gives an in-depth analysis of the best buying practices followed by major global Carbon Steel regions, such as engagement models, contract terms, and buyer and supplier negotiation levers.

Category Management Studies

Carbon steel is made from recycled or virgin steel or a mix of the two. Iron ore, coke (formed by burning coal in the absence of air), and lime are combined in a blast furnace at roughly 1650 °C to generate virgin steel. The carbon from the burning coke is added to the molten iron recovered from the iron ore. Slag is formed when the residual impurities mix with the lime and float on top of the molten metal, where it can be collected. The molten steel has a carbon content of around 4% by weight. In a process known as decarburisation, the carbon content is subsequently lowered to the required level. This is accomplished by introducing oxygen into the melt, which oxidises the carbon in the steel, resulting in carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.

The Metal's Employment in Other Industries, Further Augmenting the Procurement of Carbon Steel

The industry is being propelled by the use of metal in other sectors. Medium carbon steel is employed in the automobile sector since it has more strength and endurance than low carbon steel while having fewer ductile qualities. Carbon steel is used in the automotive industry is likely to rise as the focus shifts to lighter automobiles. Low carbon steels are used in vehicle body components, structural forms such as angle iron and I-beams, pipelines, building and bridge components, and food cans. Medium-carbon steels are extensively used for high-strength, wear-resistant railway rails, train wheels, and equipment parts. It is also used in shipbuilding because of its mechanical characteristics and affordable price. The increased usage of lightweight manufactured composites for next-generation aircraft and growing environmental concerns offer considerable growth potential for the carbon steel industry. In addition, the growth of the aerospace sector in recent years and a rise in space expeditions are expected to raise carbon steel demand.

The regional markets for the industry can be divided into Europe, North America, the Asia Pacific, South America, and the Middle East and Africa.

Key Industry Players Mentioned in the Carbon Steel Industry Report

  • ArcelorMittal S.A.
  • Hesteel Group Company Limited
  • Nippon Steel Corporation
  • United States Steel Corporation

Market Landscape

The market is somewhat fragmented, with various local players present. These market players use multiple marketing techniques to increase their market share, including new product launches, investments, alliances, and mergers and acquisitions. Businesses are also investing in the creation of better products. Furthermore, they are concentrating on cost-effective pricing.

Key Initiatives by Companies

  • Nippon Steel Corporation purchased Koppers Carbon Chemical Company Ltd in February 2020. (KJCC).
  • Nippon Steel has divided its energy conservation and CO2 emissions reduction strategy into Action Plan phases to achieve a low-carbon footprint. Several projects that implement sustainable manufacturing practices will boost steel production using environmentally friendly methods.

1.    Executive Summary
2.    Global Carbon Steel Market Snapshot

    2.1.     Carbon Steel Market Outlook
    2.2.     Carbon Steel Industry Analysis by Sector
        2.2.1.    Construction
        2.2.2.    Mechanical Equipment
        2.2.3.    Automotive
        2.2.4.    Electrical Equipment
        2.2.5.    Domestic Appliances
    2.3.    Regional Overview
        2.3.1.    North America
        2.3.2.    Europe
        2.3.3.    Asia Pacific 
        2.3.4.    Latin America
        2.3.5.    MEA
3.    Impact of Recent Events 
4.    Carbon Steel Value Chain Analysis 
5.    Carbon Steel Production Process
6.    Trade Analysis 
7.    Major Risk Factors in Sourcing
8.    Carbon Steel Cost Structure
9.    Carbon Steel Price Analysis 
10.    Key Demand Indicator Analysis
11.    Key Price Indicator Analysis
12.     Carbon Steel Market Dynamics

    12.1.    Drivers & Constraints
    12.2.    Industry Events 
    12.3.    Innovations & Trends
    12.4.    SWOT Analysis
    12.5.    Porter’s Five Forces
        12.5.1.    Buyer Power
        12.5.2.    Supplier Power
        12.5.3.    Threat of New entrants
        12.5.4.    Threat of Substitutes
        12.5.5.    Industry Rivalry 
13.    Industry Best Practices
    13.1.    Sourcing Strategy
    13.2.    Procurement Model
    13.3.    Contract Structure
    13.4.    Negotiation Levers
    13.5.    Pricing Model
    13.6.    Key Factors Influencing the Quotation 
14.    Key Supplier Analysis
    14.1.    ArcelorMittal S.A.
    14.2.    Hesteel Group Company Limited
    14.3.    Nippon Steel Corporation
    14.4.    POSCO
    14.5.    United States Steel Corporation

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Key Questions Answered in the Report

The global Carbon Steel market size reached a volume of 1917.60 MMT in 2021.

As per the sector provided, the Construction segment is anticipated to lead the market between the period 2022 – 2027.

The significant demand for metal in the construction industry is one of the essential drivers of the Carbon Steel market growth.

ArcelorMittal, Hesteel Group, Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Corporation, POSCO, and United States Steel Corp are some of the primary companies in the market.

The Asia region of the Carbon Steel industry holds a significant share in the market.

Analyst Review

The global Carbon Steel market attained a volume of 1917.60 MMT in 2021, driven by the rising demand for the metal from the construction industry. It is employed in manufacturing flat-rolled sheets, structural steels, and pipelines, among others driving the industry's expansion. Furthermore, the growing government initiatives in the industrial sector are furthering the market's growth. Aided by the extensive application of the product in other industries like automobiles, aerospace, etc., the market is expected to witness further growth in the forecast period of 2022-2027, growing at a CAGR of 2%. The market is projected to reach 2159.53 MMT by 2027.

Procurement Resources' detailed research approach explores deep into the industry, encompassing the macro and micro aspects of the industry. Its team of experts uses cutting-edge analytical tools and their expertise, thus, delivering its customers with market insights that are accurate, actionable and help them remain ahead of their competition. Some of the leading players in the industry are ArcelorMittal, Hesteel Group, Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Corporation, POSCO, United States Steel Corp.

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