Butanal Price Trend

For the First Quarter of 2022

Asia

Butanal prices in Asia rose by 14.9 percent in India and 7.8 percent in Japan in the first quarter of 2022, compared to the final quarter of 2021. In January, price in Japan was 2440 USD/MT FOB Tokyo, and by the end of March, it had risen to 2520 USD/MT FOB Tokyo. Because the Philippines is a significant supplier of butanal, the continuing war between Russia and Ukraine resulted in a rise in freight charges, which resulted in an increase in pricing. Butyraldehyde prices rose as demand from the downstream sector surged, particularly in food additives where it is employed as a flavouring ingredient and for aroma.

North America

Because of rising demand from downstream food firms in baked products, frozen dairy, and alcoholic drinks, butanal prices in North America increased to 2335 USD/MT FOB New York in the first quarter of 2022. Depleting supplies and stockpiles drove up the cost of producing propylene and n-butanol, which pushed up the price of butanal. Transportation and manufacturing expansion influenced demand predictions, and crude oil market attitudes swung changes in economic fundamentals considerably. Because of the restrictions on large enterprises between Russia and the United States as a result of the ongoing war situation, which impacted North American value chains and resulted in increased energy costs, the United States saw a spike in the Oxo alcohol market.

Europe

Butanal prices grew 4.9 percent in the first quarter of 2022 on the European continent, compared to the final quarter of 2021 in Germany. By the conclusion of the first quarter, butanal prices in Germany were hovering around 2146-2289 USD/MT FOB Hamburg. The cost of propylene and butyryl chloride, which are derivatives of crude petroleum, has been impacted by the price of butanal. Because of its rising demand in the downstream food market as oxo alcohol and efficiency, European businesses have developed a rhodium-based method for the production of butanal, which is somewhat more expensive.

For the Fourth Quarter of 2021

Asia

Due to decreasing arbitrage profits from US LPG imports, the North-East Asian area has seen a progressive change in cracking capacity, with naphtha outperforming propane as the favoured feedstock. Although China's propane dehydrogenation capacity has grown over the years, there has been a trend reversal in the last three to four quarters as the country becomes more import-dependent for LPG, losing out in the arbitrage market as imports from the United States and the Middle East become insufficient for domestic consumption. Propylene import costs were marginally higher in Q4, with average CFR prices of 1020 USD/MT compared to 1010 USD/MT in Q3.

North America

Throughout Q4 of FY21, the North American market saw remarkable trend consistency. While downstream market trends were essentially inelastic for refinery grade propylene, polymer grade propylene market prices moved in lockstep with downstream polypropylene prices. Following a supply-short third quarter in which refinery output was affected and supply networks along the Gulf Coast were disrupted by hurricanes, the early half of Q4 remained a seller's market. The pattern shifted in the second half of Q4, with feedstock naphtha and LPG prices beginning to decline in the first week of November and continuing to fall until the end of December. The average prices of propylene refinery and polymer grades were assessed at 520 USD/MT FAS Houston and 1640 USD/MT FOB Houston, respectively (down 5% from the Q3 average). Butanal prices were impacted in a similar manner. 

Europe

During the fourth quarter, European markets saw a steady shift in imports from regional markets to Asian propylene due to increased arbitrage margins. The average price of the chemical sourced from domestic trade was estimated at 1245 USD/MT on an FD Hamburg basis, while import prices from North-East Asia were estimated at 1135 USD/MT on a CIF Hamburg basis.

For First, Second and Third Quarters of 2021

Asia

During the first quarter, the supply of propylene in Asia remained balanced, thanks to the inclusion of new facilities in China, followed by the restart of key facilities in South Korea, including LG Chem. After a turnaround, Yeochun NCC (YNCC) began operations in the second part of Q1 2021 and announced an expansion of its Ethylene and Propylene facility. As the arbitrage between the European and North American regions emerged, Asian producers moved their stockpiles to meet western demand for higher revenue. Throughout the quarter, demand in Asia increased as a result of improved downstream offtakes. In mid-February, propylene CFR China prices surpassed 1000 USD/MT.

Butanal prices were range bound as demand for downstream Polypropylene increased, while supply remained plentiful in the third quarter. With the start of GS Caltex's new steam cracker facility in Yeosu on July 5th, the region's propylene supply increased. Another steam cracker facility, with a capacity of roughly 410 KTPA, added to the basics of supply. However, propylene prices in the domestic market continued to fall, accompanied by reduced demand in numerous regions of Asia as a result of additional delta variant instances. Due to the drop in market activity caused by covid infections, negotiations for downstream Polypropylene remained limited in China. In India, too, ample supply combined with strong demand drove butanal prices down from 1175 USD/MT to 1158 USD/MT during the quarter.

North America

During the first quarter of 2021, the chemical’s supplies in the region were limited, limiting margins in the downstream derivatives market, resulting in an increase in demand as some petrochemicals production units shut down in the US Gulf region due to severe freeze weather. Major facilities such as LyondellBasell and INEOS olefins shut down in mid-February due to harsh weather, resulting in a multi-fold increase in propylene costs in the United States. Domestic propylene (PGP) prices soared to an all-time high of 1950 USD/MT in mid-February.

During the third quarter of 2021, the general market prognosis for the feedstock in North America improved. Leading firms such as ExxonMobil and Dow Chemicals in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Taft, Louisiana, respectively, began production in the second week of September after storm Ida shut down several plants. In Q3 2021, the NOVA and Enterprise propylene crackers were reported to be offline. Polypropylene trended upwards due to the considerable demand draw, thus suppliers focused on increasing stocks as demand from downstream industries remained strong during the quarter. According to industry analysts, storm Ida caused a 5-8 percent decline in propylene supplies. In September, the US Gulf propylene price was estimated to be 1850 USD/MT. Butanal prices followed a similar trend. 

Europe

Throughout Q1, the European region's propylene supply remained limited as a result of lower refinery production due to the continuing pandemic and closure limitations. The situation became much worse when a major supplier announced a scheduled reversal in early February. Nonetheless, demand remained steady throughout the quarter. Due to the terrible weather conditions in the United States, the trend of exports switched from the United States to Asian providers. Europe remains the most affordable continent in terms of costs. In the third quarter of 2021, the supply of propylene in Europe increased, owing to the recovery of PDH plants, crackers, and refineries. The downstream sectors' demand expanded steadily during the quarter. Prices in Germany continued to rise, eventually settling at 1305 USD/MT FD. In Q3 2021, Hamburg saw a considerable price increase in its upstream.

For the Year 2020

Asia

By the end of Q3, the supply of feedstock propylene had tightened across Asia, with pricing talks increasingly starting up, notably in northeast Asia. Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) and steam cracking Naphtha facilities in Japan had been hit by a number of scheduled and unforeseen outages. Export cargo availability was limited due to strong local demand in South Korea. In July, two Propane Dehydrogenation (PDH) plants with a combined nameplate capacity of 1050 KTPA were commissioned in China, showing that demand was more or less steady.

North America

The protracted closure of BASF Total's Port Arthur cracker in Texas impacted regional propylene supplies. Due to lower gasoline demand, America's combined refinery run rate was kept at 75-80 percent due to the pandemic-induced lockdown, further reducing Propylene output. Hurricane Laura triggered a series of force majeure declarations, causing a brief interruption in regional supplies. As industrial activity steadily improved during the quarter, propylene prices in the US Gulf increased amid production concerns and outlook turning optimistic.

Europe

Due to the unstable economic conditions, butanal prices were settled in a limited range in the third quarter, with the demand forecast mostly mixed-to-low. Unexpected cracker turnarounds in early August hampered the product's timely supply, but they were remedied by the first half of September. The continuous outage at Borealis' Stenungsund, Sweden cracker added to the product availability shortage. The pricing graph last exhibited a rising tendency in July, when it was estimated to be about 780 USD/MT FD NWE, before tapering off at the end of the quarter.

Procurement Resource Database

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Procurement Resource provides latest prices of Butanal. Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.

Chart Description:

Procurement Resource provides prices of Butanal for several regions around the globe, which are as follows:

  • North America
  • South America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Middle East
  • Africa

About Butanal

Butyraldehyde, often known as butanal, is an organic molecule that is a butane aldehyde derivative. It belongs to a group of botanicals made up of propane with a formyl substituent at the 1-position. This substance is a colourless, flammable liquid with a foul odour. Most organic solvents are soluble in butanal. It oxidises to generate butyric acid with extended contact to air.

Chemical Formula:

  • C4H8O

Synonyms:

  • Butyraldehyde
  • n-butyraldehyde
  • Butyral

Molecular weight:

  • 72.11g/mol

Industrial Uses:

  • Paints and Coatings
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Agrochemical
  • Polymer

Production Processes:

  • Production of Butanal from Propylene

Propylene combines with an aqueous solution of rhodium catalyst to generate aldehyde in this method.

Supplier Database:

  • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
  • Tokyo Chemical Industry Co.
  • Ltd., KH Neochem Co. Ltd
  • Eastman Chemical Company
  • BASF SE

Note: Our supplier search experts can assist your procurement teams in compiling and validating a list of suppliers indicating they have products, services, and capabilities that meet your company's needs.

Methodology:

The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).

Procurement Resource also provides the detailed production cost analysis of Butanal See more

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