Cellulose Prices (Q1 2022)
Pulp futures increased in China during the Q1 2022 due to disruptions in supply. BSK futures traded at 857 USD/MT by the end of January, increasing by close to 49 USD/MT since the beginning of the year.
Suzano SA, a Brazilian pulpmaker, increased pulp pricing for customers in Europe and North America in January. The price of the commodity was hiked by 30 USD to 1,170 USD/MT for European clients, while for North American clients, it was increased by 40 USD to 1,380 USD/MT. Such increase in pulp prices affected the [rice of cellulose as well.
Cellulose Prices (Q4 2021)
In India, demand for paper had reached pre-covid levels by the final quarter of 2021 as offices reopened after lockdowns due to the pandemic. The packaging sector grew by almost 10%. Paper prices rose as a consequence of the rise in input costs such as energy and chemical prices, as well as a rise in transportation costs. Imported pulp prices rose heavily during the quarter, which was a rare event. The pulp prices stabilised a bit later on but were estimated to go up eventually. The rise in pulp prices was a result of the price rise in lumber.
In the US, Rayonier Advanced Materials Inc. announced that it will increase prices for all its cellulose products by at least 15-30% to help the company adjust for the impacts of cost inflation throughout its global supply chain. In the second half of 2021, the company experienced a marked increase in major components of its cellulose input costs such as freight, fibre, energy and chemicals and therefore increased the prices of cellulose products to supplement ongoing costs.
Cellulose Prices (Q1-Q3 2021)
In Asia, in the months of February and March, the spot prices for pulp were skyrocketing. The major factors for the rise in pulp prices were the increase in freight costs amid ocean freight shortages. Another contributor to the price rise was an increase in demand for at-home tissue, while the demand for away-from-home tissues declined due to the lockdown restrictions. China witnessed a shift in the market towards paper towels and premium toilet tissues.
As a result of the rise in production costs, the Burgo group increased its graphic paper prices in Europe by 15%. Energy, chemicals, and pulp prices increased, which in turn increased the prices of paper. The rise in transportation costs from China and Asia in general also contributed to the price rise in Europe.
In North America and Europe, several printing and writing mills experienced a shortage of pulp supply following the low demand in the previous year which had brought down the pulp prices.
Cellulose Prices Overview 2020
In China, Domsjö Fabriker, a part of the Aditya Birla group, increased the price of its cellulose by 50 USD effective from September 2020. The price increase was a mechanism to balance the supply-demand dynamics.
Increased pulp costs put pressure on the entire industry in Q4 of 2020, and it persisted into 2021, leading pulp prices in China to nearly quadruple. The Chinese market had grown pulp and paper consumption, with tissue and packaging/board growth driving strong demand in China. The pulp price in China was in the range of 550-700 USD/MT. Since cellulose is the basic component of paper and paperboard, the increase in pulp prices affected cellulose prices as well.
In 2020, the pulp market had been hit hard by the low demand which brought down the prices of pulp. Several printing and writing mills in North America shut down temporarily or permanently as a response to the shift in demand dynamics.
Procurement Resource provides latest prices of Cellulose. Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.
Procurement Resource provides prices of Cellulose for several regions around the globe, which are as follows:
Cellulose, a carbohydrate polymer, is basically an organic compound. It is a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units. Cellulose is a crucial structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants, several forms of algae and the oomycetes.
Chemical Formula of Cellulose:
For the production of Cellulose, the fermentation medium requires carbon, nitrogen, and other macro and micro nutrients for bacteria growth, which is most efficient when supplied with an abundant carbon source and minimal nitrogen source. Other major factors affecting cellulose production are pH, temperature, and dissolved oxygen.
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The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).