Ethylene Glycol Prices (Q1 2022)
The average price of oil-based ethylene glycol in China on March 31st was 5,200 RMB/MT, up 33.33 RMB/MT from the previous data cycle. In March 2022, prices of the chemical increased initially, then declined. The overall international crude oil was strong, corresponding to high naphtha and ethylene prices. Many terminals were too high after the increase in the first half of this month. The chemical's cost was under pressure to follow the increase in the second half of this month, but the rise was held back by sluggish demand.
The chemical company Eastman announced a price increase of 0.12 USD/lb for the chemical in March.
Ethylene Glycol Prices (Q4 2021)
The North American region's market attitude remained constant, as abundant production and slow demand from the downstream polyester sector-maintained market rangebound throughout the quarter. Prices of feedstock ethylene stabilised following a period of high volatility in Q3, as upstream natural gas prices stabilised since crossing $ 5 per MMBTU in October. Prices surged in October, reaching 837 USD/MT FOB; however, demand decreased in Q4's H2 period, resulting in a price reduction to 683 USD/MT in December.
Increased exports from Saudi Arabia into the Indian domestic market, along with high inventory levels, resulted in an oversupply, which deteriorated market volatility in October. In H2 of Q4, lukewarm demand from downstream textiles exacerbated market pessimism. Prices declined from 74910 INR/MT in October to 59620 INR/MT in December on an ex-location basis. In China, a lack of demand support and a decline in feedstock prices in the face of dropping crude and coal prices contributed to a depressed market mood during Q4 of 2021. On a FOB basis, prices decreased from 1000 USD/MT in October to 841 USD/MT in December.
Natural gas prices continued to rise, putting upward pressure on the cost of feedstock ethylene, which raised the cost of producing the chemical during the last quarter. Demand from secondary polyester and PET producers remained high in the fourth quarter, prompting market participants to maintain strong pricing for accessible in European markets. On a forward contract basis, the price jumped from 850 USD/MT in October to 970 USD/MT in early December. Shipping of the chemical from Asia to Europe remained sluggish as well, owing to high freight costs along the Mediterranean route.
Ethylene Glycol Prices (Q1-Q3 2021)
North American production was halted as a result of the US gulf storm, which shut down over 68% of the US's output. Several major plants, including Indorama Ventures, Lotte Chemicals, Ethylene Glycol Global, and a few others with a combined annual production of 1,850,000 MT, were shut down due to the freezing storm. These shutdowns resulted in a regional scarcity of the chemical and a global shortage. Thus, prices moved in lockstep which lingered around 1155 USD/MT in February 2021. Later in March, as US production resumed, the prices slowed.
Prices increased steadily throughout the quarter in the North America region, supported by increased demand from the downstream sector, while availability remained insufficient to meet the overall needs of the regional market in the USA. Major manufacturers attempted to increase plant utilisation rates, which had been low due to adverse weather circumstances in the previous quarter. Additionally, Lotte Chemicals experienced an unforeseen plant shutdown in May due to a technical issue at their Louisiana facility. Meanwhile, overall supply operations in the United States were constrained during the quarter, while demand from downstream PET makers remained strong. As a result, prices in the United States increased from 1364 USD/MT to 1440 USD/MT between April and June.
Prices experienced a significant increase in Q3 2021. By the end of August, numerous manufacturers were obliged to close their factories for about two weeks in advance of the Ida hurricane in the US Gulf Coast, as part of a contingency plan that resulted in a decline in the region's ethylene glycol production rates. Major ethylene producers in Louisiana, including as Dow, Taft, and Shell, also placed a turnaround on their production plants, impeding the manufacturing of ethylene glycol. Additionally, throughout the quarter, demand from PET makers remained strong. As a result of the tight supply and high demand, prices increased during the Q3. In September, US Gulf MEG prices settled at 870 USD/MT.
Demand remained strong across Asia, while supply remained constrained, supporting its prices. Reduced output and decreased imports from the United States, as well as premium imports from European countries, all contributed significantly to an increase in the prices across the region. Plants such as Sanjiang Fine Chemicals, having an annual capacity of around 380,000 MT of Ethylene Glycol, declared a maintenance turnaround, while Far Eastern Union Petrochemical Ltd., having an annual capacity of 500,000 MT, also reduced its production capacities from 100% to 90% to protect margins. Additionally, due to the fact that some factories ceased production during the Chinese lunar holidays, which lowered their inventory, the average price throughout Asia jumped by more than 12% following the Lunar holidays. However, in India, prices increased 35.17% from January to conclude the quarter at 814.47 USD/MT.
During quarter 2, the demand varied by country in Asia. In China, domestic demand for remained modest to firm from downstream PET makers, despite enough supply to meet their domestic demands. Additionally, large Chinese manufacturers booked massive shipments for Europe in the interim. While the Indian market battled with low costs as a result of the country's pandemic effect, after reaching a low point, prices continued to fluctuate throughout June as a result of low adequate stock availability and variable demand from the domestic and international markets. Thus, following a few oscillations, prices in India stabilized at 745 USD/MT in the final week of June.
Prices increased in the Asian markets in Q3 2021, owing to limited supplies and strong demand from downstream PET and Polyester film makers. In China, the market experienced a price increase due to congestion at numerous Chinese ports and lower production volumes in the latter half of the quarter, exacerbated by the energy crisis. In India, prices increased as a result of the spillover effect from China's shipments to Europe, as well as the increasing feedstock values as a result of the enormous surge in crude oil prices. Additionally, the increase in offtakes from downstream sectors had an effect on the price. Price for Ex-Kandla was recorded at 823.44 USD/MT in September, indicating a little increase since July.
Europe had a chance to address supply gaps caused by the US market in the aftermath of February's winter storm interruption, which impacted overall Central American production. Following the hurricane that struck the US Gulf Coast, export demand on industry players increased significantly, primarily from Asian countries. Additionally, rising freight and container costs impacted upstream ethylene pricing, which ultimately resulted in an increase in the chemical’s prices across the region.
During the second quarter, Europe experienced strong demand for the chemical. Europe imposed anti-dumping duties on Middle Eastern manufacturers in May, allowing Asian manufacturers to ship their wares to European clients. As a result, a huge proportion of cargo was also scheduled by Chinese manufacturers to meet total demand. Additionally, European countries faced high freight costs, which compounded the region's overall situation for ethylene glycol.
In the EU market, the third quarter saw a slight increase in its price. Delayed imports from Asia due to congestion in China's ports, along with a container scarcity, contributed to the increase in the cost pattern in Europe. Additionally, high freight costs and strong demand impacted the price in the third quarter. In September, prices were estimated at 970 USD/MT.
Ethylene Glycol Prices Overview 2020
The Asian market reached a record high in 2020, owing to robust polyester demand and a tightening of cargo inflows from the US. Prices reached a near six-month high after many production cuts were made due to a wide ethylene glycol-naphtha spread. As the United States is the largest exporter of the chemical to Asia, repeated plant shutdowns in the aftermath of Hurricane Laura worsened this supply shortage. However, as new plants became operational in China during the year, sufficient production was seen.
With the automotive industry reviving its market dynamics following a severe blow from the pandemic and lockdowns, demand increased significantly in the third quarter of 2020. However, the production cuts undertaken at several factories across the country in preparation of Hurricane Laura significantly reduced the region's export potential, resulting in lower revenues in comparison to the previous quarter. Traders were confident about increasing purchasing activity from eastern countries as they stockpiled items to alleviate supply shortages caused by China's October National Day vacation.
According to European Commission forecasts, the value of ethylene glycol manufacturing was estimated to be around 318.3 million Euros in 2020. Throughout the period under examination, the value of production had decreased. Despite Asia's bullishness, prices spiraled downwards. Contract pricing was on track for a double settlement in August 2020 and was likely to occur concurrently with a September 2020 first settlement.
Procurement Resource provides latest prices of Ethylene Glycol . Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.
Procurement Resource provides prices of Ethylene Glycol for several regions around the globe, which are as follows:
About Ethylene Glycol:
Ethylene Glycol appears as a clear, colourless syrupy liquid having the ability to absorb water. It is odourless but comes with a sweet taste. Ethylene Glycol is utilised to make antifreeze as well as de-icing solutions for cars, airplanes, or boats. It is also utilised in hydraulic brake fluids as well as in inks that are utilised in stamp pads, ballpoint pens, or print shops.
Chemical Formula of Ethylene Glycol:
In this process, hydrolysis of ethylene oxide with water forms a coarse ethylene glycol combination. Further, vacuum fractional distillation is carried out to separate oligomers such as monoethylene and triethylene glycol along with water to obtain Ethylene Glycol as the result.
Note: Our supplier search experts can assist your procurement teams in compiling and validating a list of suppliers indicating they have products, services, and capabilities that meet your company's needs.
The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).
Procurement Resource also provides the detailed production cost analysis of Ethylene Glycol See more