Monochloroacetic Acid Prices (Q4 2021)
Due to decreasing raw material costs, MCA in the APAC region fell in this quarter. For a variety of factors, upstream acetic acid was found to be growing in October, placing pressure on downstream products to display buoyancy. However, during the quarter, the price of acetic acid plummeted by more than 10%, creating a major reduction in the price of different downstream derivatives in November. In December, the prices were around 95,000 INR/MT ex-depot Mumbai. Due to increased demand for the usage of MCA for celluloses, agrochemicals, high-foaming surfactants, and personal care items, Asia Pacific is predicted to rise at a much faster rate than the rest of the world by 2022.Furthermore, the region's market has grown significantly due to rapid expansion in the chemical and materials sectors, as well as increased demand for choloracetic acid from other industries. Increasing advancements and improvements in the textile sector in Asia Pacific countries such as Indonesia, India, and China, among others, are likely to raise demand for MCA and drive revenue growth in the area.
Methanol, acetic acid, and heavy feed inventories for petroleum refinery would see tariff reductions in India starting in February 2022. Companies that use chemicals as raw resources are positioned to gain from the duty reduction, while chemical producers are likely to suffer. This decrease in feedstock acetic acid can cause a downward trend in the price of MCA.
In the fourth quarter of 2021, there was a scarcity of crucial raw materials across Europe, leading to higher prices on the local market. As resources became increasingly scarce, manufacturers sought things from a multitude of different sources. The availability of MCA on the market increased as the quarter progressed. The pharma and adhesives sector's offtakes stayed high in Q4 in terms of demand. In October, FOB Hamburg was 1785 USD/MT, but by December, it had dropped to 1630 USD/MT.
North America is expected to account for a disproportionately large share of revenue during the forecast period, owing to growing demand for monochloroacetic acid from a variety of end-use industries, including agriculture, medical and pharmaceuticals, and chemical, for the manufacture of agrochemicals, ibuprofen, and vitamins. Additionally, the presence of major manufacturers in the region is a significant factor driving the market's revenue growth.
Monochloroacetic Acid Prices (Q1-Q3 2021)
Nouryon (Amsterdam, Netherlands) and Atul successfully began manufacturing at Anaven in April 2021. Anaven is India's largest MCA production complex, with a current capacity of 32,000 MTPA and the potential to expand to 60,000 MTPA quickly. In December 2021, the plant was significantly extended.
MCA supply in China remained constrained in the first quarter of 2021 due to plant turnarounds over the Chinese Lunar New Year holidays in February. The downstream manufacturing plants' margins were lowered due to a lack of supply of the feedstock acetic acid and liquid chlorine. Demand from the downstream segment increased as offtakes from the personal care, food, and pharma sectors remained stable. Increased pricing of essential feedstocks produced a multifold increase in MCA prices, which settled at 1250 USD/MT FOB Shanghai in March.
As a result of the abrupt reversal of several large upstream production facilities in the second quarter of 2021, the MCA market experienced a demand-supply imbalance. In China, however, a sharp increase in the price of the raw ingredient acetic acid aided the pricing trend in the local market. As commercial and industrial operations improved in the Northeast Asian region, demand from downstream industries remained strong. In India, however, due to the impact of the second COVID wave, raw material prices fell due to less industrial activity and lower demand from the downstream market. As a result, producers reduced their offerings by specific margins, with Ex-Works Mumbai prices estimated at 1073 USD/MT in Q2 2021.
During Q3, the general market prognosis for MCA in the Asia Pacific region showed an upward tendency. Back-to-back positive revisions in upstream acetic acid prices in India contributed to a new rising trend in MCA pricing in the domestic market. Following the upward trend, Ex-Works prices in western India increased from 1106 USD/MT to 1201 USD/MT in the third quarter. Because the product is primarily imported from China, a slew of problems loomed over the supply chain this quarter, causing Chinese origin cargo deliveries to be delayed. Anaven, which has a stranglehold on the MCA market in India, was heard positively modifying its rates to protect its margins from the steady rise in acetic acid prices.
Due to low stockpiles and continuous offtakes from the downstream market, European MCA supply remained limited during the first quarter of 2021. Due to a shortage of raw materials and a transportation lag from the western region due to serious freeze weather, the Northwest regional facilities functioned at a slow pace. As the downstream food and pharma markets improved, demand skyrocketed.
As different US plants resumed production following the winter storm, access to feedstock chemical increased slightly, resulting in a reduction in MCA supply limitations in the second quarter of 2021.
A shortage of critical raw materials was noted across the European region in the third quarter of 2021, resulting in higher MCA costs on the local market. Manufacturers sought items from a variety of sources as materials grew increasingly difficult to come by. As the quarter came to a close, the provision of MCA on the market improved. In terms of demand, the construction sector's offtakes remained high in Q3.
During the first quarter of 2021, regional MCA supplies were limited due to limited availability of acetic acid due to disruptions in production at numerous regional plants. The stoppage of Formosa Plastics' 910,000 MT per year feedstock chlorine factory in the first half of Q1 added to the crisis. Due to lower pricing than the domestic market, spot buyers in the region grew more inclined to the Asian market. Despite a regional shortage that prompted a multifold increase in prices in the timeframe, demand remained buoyant due to improved intake from the downstream pharmaceutical and food sectors.
After seeing a substantial increase in pricing throughout the second quarter, market sentiment for MCA in the North American region stabilised in the second quarter. Supplies improved in the United States when production in the Gulf region revived, owing to higher upstream acetic acid output. With the resumption of industrial activities, demand from the downstream surfactant, textile, and coating sectors grew.
Spot prices of MCA in the North American region rose throughout the most of the third quarter, owing to high demand from the agrochemical, pharma, and surfactant industries. The spike in pricing was fueled in part by rising acetic acid costs from mid-July to the last week of September. During the hurricane season, numerous chlor-alkali production operations on the US Gulf coast shut down, causing supply disruptions throughout the region. However, production slowed at the end of Q3, and prices fell in early Q4 as the feedstock's rising trend slowed.
Monochloroacetic Acid Prices Overview 2020
The chloroacetic acid market in China climbed and then declined in July, with the overall climate becoming more sluggish. The downstream demand improved since the beginning of the month, raw material costs continued to rise, the expense of chloroacetic acid support rose and manufacturers offered lower prices. Even though the price of liquid chlorine remained high since the middle of the month, the acetic acid market had been loose, causing the price of chloroacetic acid to fall. Due to lower demand for downstream pesticides, pharmaceutical intermediates, and other industries in the second half of the month, China's demand for chloroacetic acid declined, and prices continued to fall. In August, China's investor sentiment remained negative, with a general lack of transaction activity. Chloroacetic acid producers had a high operating load, with low downstream demand, resulting in a growth in inventory, shipping pressure, and a limited range of lower prices.
Due to restrictions on international shipments across multiple trade channels along Southeast Asia, India's monochloroacetic acid (MCA) supply remained limited, despite worries of a new coronavirus outbreak in Europe. Consistently growing acetic acid feedstock prices also played a significant effect in constraining supplies. Rising agrochemical demand in APAC as a result of agricultural expansion prompted the Indian government to implement programmes such as the PLI plan to boost local pesticide manufacturing. This was expected to relieve supply pressure in India, resulting in future price stability for MCA, which is used in a variety of herbicides.
Domestic demand slowed as a result of the pandemic, causing trade networks to the APAC area to become congested. With the installation of new plants from PCC in Poland and Neuryon in the Netherlands, monochloroacetic acid availability in the region improved significantly. This intended to improve domestic supply, allowing for long-term price stabilisation. Due to increased demand for agrochemicals in North America and the Asia-Pacific region, exports increased towards the end of the year.
High agricultural investment in the United States, Canada, and Mexico shaped the local market demand that rebounded after the COVID impact. Due to the coronavirus epidemic, which delayed market activity in the western hemisphere in Q4, access of feedstock acetic acid in the US remained constrained. As a result, its price increased, resulting in higher production costs for the derivative monochloroacetic acid.
Procurement Resource provides latest prices of MCA or Monochloroacetic Acid. Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.
Procurement Resource provides prices of MCA or Monochloroacetic Acid for several regions around the globe, which are as follows:
About MCA or Monochloroacetic Acid:
MCA is a chlorocarboxylic acid and a haloacetic acid. It is extracted from acetic acid. It is a conjugate acid of a chloroacetate. In appearance, it a colourless to light-brown crystalline material. It is miscible in water and sinks in it. It is combustible in nature. It is one of the most important halogenated derivatives of acetic acid.
In this process, acetic acid is chlorinated with acetic anhydride as a catalyst, which results in the formation of Monochloroacetic Acid with dichloroacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid as impurities. This product is further separated and refined to obtain the desired product.
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The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).