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China has Started Production of Biodegradable Polymer, Polyglycolide with Installed Capacity Of 50 thousand Tonnes Per Annum

The production of biodegradable chemical material polyglycolide (PGA) has been initiated by a Chinese chemical enterprise. The material reduces CO2 emissions by around sixty-five percent.

A Chinese Energy Investment Corporation subsidiary, Yulin Chemical Co Ltd, located in northwest China's Shaanxi Province, started the operations of a coal-based production line on Monday that has an annual capacity of 50,000 tonnes of PGA.

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Microbes present in surroundings like seawater and soil can easily degrade PGA. It can be employed to make packaging products for food, like lunch boxes, disposable plastic bags, and straws. It also finds applications in manufacturing materials for gas and oil extraction along with medical applications like bone scaffolds and surgical sutures.

The manufacturing of coal-based PGA can lower the consumption of coal by around fifty percent when compared to traditional polyolefin plastics. It can also magnify the industrial added value twice or thrice using the exact production costs.

PLA Is Leading the Bioplastics Market Expanding Growth Prospects Across Various Industries

Various ways to convert biomass, including total biodegradable and biobased plastic created from renewable raw materials (starch or sugar), and polylactic acid (PLA), are being researched to face climate change. In March 2017, TotalEnergies began a joint venture with Corbion, a Dutch global leader for lactic acid, to become a significant player in the rapidly expanding bioplastics market.

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The partnership aims to achieve the title of the second largest PLA supplier. Their goal is to market and produce a new line of PLA polymers under the brand Luminy® promoting an innovative, high-heat PLA and PDLA1 with special properties. These products will be employed across several markets like consumer goods, fibres, packaging, 3D printing, and automotive.

The Efforts Taken for Marketing and Producing Bioplastics

The market for bioplastics is being driven by robust demand, with around a 10 percent - 15 percent annual growth rate on average by 2025. PLA is the first fully biodegradable and biobased renewable polymer that can challenge the performance of conventional polymers while being three times less carbon intensive.

The global output of PLA bioplastics will rise by around 50 percent to 240,000 tonnes annually with the help of the 75,000 tonnes per year facility addition.

Sugar or starch fermentation is used to obtain Lactic acid, which is further used as a critical raw material used to produce polylactic acid (PLA). The acid gets transformed into a lactide monomer, that then gets polymerized to create PLA. After the completion of its use, PLA can be composted industrially or depolymerized in order to gain the initial monomer (lactic acid), which can again be re-utilized to produce PLA.

As per Procurement Resource, the several product advancements, the growing market for bioplastics is leading to an increased effort by manufacturers to produce biodegradable and biobased plastics. There have been R&D measures to promote the industrialization of bioenergies by producing innovative polymers for higher-performance plastics.

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