Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) Price Trend

ABS Prices (Q1 2022)

Asia

In March 2022, in China, the price of styrene, a key feedstock, was 9350 RMB/MT. The expansion of the ABS market was driven favourably by the increasing penetration of ABS applications in the building industry. One of the biggest elements impacting industrial growth is rising building expenditure, particularly in emerging nations, as disposable income rises. Pipes, plastic sheets, and fittings are all made of ABS. Product development was accelerated by technological improvements and product developments, such as nylon and ABS alloys with increased strength. Furthermore, the product's design flexibility, chemical resistance, and exceptional mechanical qualities aided its use in a variety of end-use sectors.

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Prices (Q4 2021)

Asia

Upstream styrene, acrylonitrile, and butadiene performance in China was disappointing in the last quarter, owing to demand stagnation in both the domestic and international markets. As a result of falling demand and declining feedstocks, prices fell in the last quarter of the year. After the end of December 2021, ex-Shanghai prices were estimated to be 2432 USD/MT. The Indian market was underwhelming as well. While the festive season boosted demand, the introduction of the new covid variant followed by a regular demand dip caused prices to fall in Q4. Imports of feedstocks were also sluggish, therefore prices for ABS low flow grade on CFR basis fell from 190,180 INR/MT in October to 155,400 INR/MT in December.

Europe

Due to strong demand from downstream sectors, the European ABS market stayed strong throughout the quarter. The price pattern validated the above sentiment as in early October, prices were evaluated at 2850 USD/MT FOB, while in the last week of December, they were assessed at 3015 USD/MT. Throughout the quarter, strong feedstock styrene price pushed up overall production costs and, as a result, ABS pricing. Demand was strong throughout the quarter, with few to no variations due to the winter vacation season. Imports from Asia remained restricted due to high freight costs, making imported goods unsustainable and uncompetitive.

Despite a reduction in upstream styrene monomer costs, ABS contract prices increased to 1195 EUR/MT FD Northwest Europe in January 2022. Butadiene and acrylonitrile price increases, on the other hand, spurred the producers to pursue higher contract price targets.

North America

Feedstock costs changed throughout the period, causing downstream ABS prices to fluctuate as well. The rehabilitation from the catastrophe due to Hurricane Ida extended until mid-Q4, putting a strain on styrene supply. While prices rose in October 2021, they fell in November and then rose again in December, reaching 2948 USD/MT on a free delivery basis. In Q4, demand was consistent, but slowed as the year progressed, owing to the winter holiday season.

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Prices (Q3 2021)

Asia

In the first quarter of 2021, the Asian market saw a significant increase in overall the demand from a variety of downstream industries. Several small-scale ABS machines in China were offline for a few days over the Lunar New Year holiday in February, halting domestic supply. Meanwhile, demand from local electronics and home appliance manufacturers increased dramatically in India, supporting its prices. Supply remained limited during the quarter, causing the prices in India to rise from 2016 USD/MT in January 2021 to 2120.3 USD/MT in March 2021.

The market showed conflicting attitudes in the second quarter, with some countries' demand improving successfully while others battled with the pandemic's ramifications or a slow economic recovery. In China, demand was solid to stable, with the construction and automobile sectors showing signs of recovery as they returned to pre-pandemic levels. In the second half of the quarter, however, vigorous restocking and lower upstream resources kept the prices stable. Meanwhile, in the Indian market, low demand and abundant supply of ABS, as well as the raw material styrene monomer, pushed prices lower in the early days, before gradually climbing in the month of June. As a result, throughout the month, the prices hovered at 2734 USD/MT in India and 2080 USD/MT in China.

The market had a proliferative trajectory in pricing in Q3 2021, as supply of acrylonitrile and styrene remained restricted due to China's power constraint. Following the 'duo cutbacks' on energy usage and carbon emissions in September, most Chinese businesses were forced to reduce their production activity, putting a strain on the polymer’s market. Due to the significant scarcity of feedstocks caused by plant turnarounds in China and South Korea, the regional ABS market remained tense. In August, Shandong Hai Jiang abruptly shut down its acrylonitrile factory owing to a technical issue, while Liaoning Petrochemicals and Ningbo LG chem reported maintenance outages in the third quarter. FOB Qingdao-China prices in September were 2817 USD/MT, up 74 USD/MT from July 2021. Because of a shortage of raw materials from South Korea and China, the Indian market remained sluggish in Q3.

Europe

ABS had substantial demand support from both domestic and international sources in the European market. Lower upstream supplies in Europe halted its production across the continent, despite robust demand throughout the quarter. Furthermore, a container shortage along the Europe-Asia route, combined with strong export demand from Asia, forced prices to rise, causing manufacturers to operate at lower capacities. Meanwhile, a leading ABS manufacturer in Europe increased its ABS resin prices by approximately 476.9 USD/MT, effective March 1, 2021.

In the second quarter, the revival of the European economy was the primary factor that boosted the demand in the region. Many contracts were received, according to manufacturers, with some of them booked until the end of the year. The market confidence resulting from successful vaccination efforts and the relaxation of lockdown restrictions in most European countries was ascribed to the high demand for ABS. As a result of strong demand and improving production activity, prices in Europe skyrocketed during this quarter.

During Q3, the market in Europe showed conflicting sentiments for ABS prices. The price trend was pushed higher by a significant increase in the value of the feedstocks acrylonitrile and styrene, as well as reduced production rates in the region. The declaration of force majeure by AnQor in the Netherlands, one of the world's leading producers of acrylonitrile, pushed up the prices even further in August. Furthermore, the exponential growth in the prices in the European market was caused by increasing interoceanic freight expenses throughout Asia-Europe and US-Europe trading lines. After the lifting of force majeure and the resumption of operations at various plants, the prices remained stable at the conclusion of the quarter.

North America

Several plant activities were impacted by winter storms in the United States in the first quarter of 2021. Several upstream materials, such as acrylonitrile and styrene, were in short supply. ABS supply in the region was still insufficient to meet regional demand. The supply chain remained interrupted as a result of dented production lines, with little hope for recovery.

In the second quarter, the market saw a sharp surge in pricing, owing to limited supply activity in the region. Following the winter shutdown in February, the prices skyrocketed in April and May, before beginning to decline as major manufacturers resumed plant operations in the country. Following the country's successful vaccination push, the market saw a significant increase in demand from the downstream construction and automotive industries. As a result, by the end of May, there had been a significant increase, which then decreased in June, eventually settling at 2910 USD/MT in the United States.

The prices increased exponentially in the third quarter of 2021. The growing pricing trend was caused by high demand from downstream sectors and unavailability of feedstock. Hurricane Ida wreaked havoc on oil and gas refineries, as well as other manufacturing plants, in August, disrupting the supply chain and driving up the price of ABS. Due to a power loss caused by Hurricane Ida in Louisiana, Cornerstone had to shut down its acrylonitrile factory while INEOS Styrolutions' styrene plant in Texas was shut down for repairs at the end of September. In September, FD-US Gulf monthly average prices were 2958 USD/MT, up 132 USD/MT from July.

Latin  America

In March 2021, Brazilian styrene and polystyrene maker Innova declared force majeure at its Triunfo styrene monomer factory. The plant was forced to shut down due to a power outage. When Innova's operations were restarted, the catalyst was found to be severely damaged. This action hindered ABS supplies in Brazilian markets where styrene is a key ingredient.

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Prices Overview 2020

Asia

Although the automotive sector is a primary driver of the Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) market in Asia, the market received substantial support from makers of appliances, toys, and air conditioners despite a significant decline in automobile sales in the third quarter. Chinese ABS makers reported excellent profits which did not dip below 85% in Q3. However, in Q4, China's import ABS market had four consecutive weeks of decline due to reduced demand during the year-end slump and declining styrene prices. Southeast Asian markets, meanwhile, jumped on the bandwagon, albeit at a slower rate. The weekly aggregate of ABS prices on a CIF China basis fell by more than 150 USD/MT, or more than 6%, since the decline began in early December. Meanwhile, ABS prices on a CIF SEA basis decreased by less than 85 USD/MT in recent weeks. Reduced feedstock prices were highlighted as one of the primary reasons for the market's decline.

Europe

In Q3, European ABS makers announced a new wave of price hikes, claiming that demand for the material far outstripped regional supply. Non-automotive industries such as electrical appliances, furniture, and toys, among others, showed signs of improvement ahead of automotive, propelling Q3 results for most ABS producers. Following the economic disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, European appliance demand increased in September, owing to increased spending on home modifications by end-consumers.

North America

The demand grew in Q3 2020, and prices began to firm up in the second week of August. Increased purchases of domestic equipment and air conditioners during the epidemic, as many people were quarantined at home and adopted a work-from-home culture, boosted market sentiments. After suffering a huge setback as a result of the economic slowdown, demand in the US automotive sector began to pick up near the end of the year, indicating a V-shaped rebound in sectoral growth. The price in the United States increased in August due to restricting worldwide availability. Because engineered plastic is commonly utilised in the production of toys, players anticipated an increase in demand in the run-up to the Christmas holidays.

Latin America

In 2020, Brazil's demand for the polymer was estimated to be 120k MT and it continued to increase as demand for automobiles, electronic and electrical equipment, and consumer items rose.

Procurement Resource Database

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Procurement Resource provides latest prices of ABS. Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.

Chart Description:
 
Procurement Resource provides prices of ABS for several regions around the globe, which are as follows:

  • North America
  • South America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Middle East
  • Africa

About ABS:

ABS, an amorphous polymer and opaque thermoplastic, is a polymer comprised of three distinct monomers in various proportions: acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene. Due to its toughness, resistance to heat, and anti-corrosive properties, it is utilised in a wide variety of applications. It is the most often used plastic and the material of choice for 3-D printing. Additionally, it is easily recyclable.

Chemical Formula:

  • C15H17N

Synonyms:

  • Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene
  • 2-Propenenitrile
  • Polymer with 1,3-butadiene
  • Ethenylbenzene acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene

Molecular Weight:

  • 211.30 g/mol

Industrial Uses:

  • Plasticizers
  • Medical Technology
  • Alternative Energy
  • Food Handling and Equipment
  • Aircraft, Defense and Aerospace

Production Processes:

  • Production of ABS from the Emulsion Process

The production of ABS takes place from the emulsion process. In the emulsion process, ABS is obtained by the polymerization of acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene.

Supplier Database:

  • Asahi Kasei
  • Sabic
  • Styron
  • Kumho Petrochemical Company
  • Formosa Plastic Company
  • Styrolution

Note: Our supplier search experts can assist your procurement teams in compiling and validating a list of suppliers indicating they have products, services, and capabilities that meet your company's needs.

Methodology:
 
The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).

Procurement Resource also provides the detailed production cost analysis of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) See more

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