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Get the latest insights on price movement and trend analysis of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) in different regions across the world (Asia, Europe, North America, Latin America and Middle East & Africa).
ABS price increase is attributed to the supply shortages of primary raw materials like styrene, acrylonitrile, and butadiene.
The price of styrene averaged CFR 1221 USD/MT and CFR 1640 USD/MT (South-East Asia) for acrylonitrile. Raw materials shortages, along with the rising freight and transportation costs, disrupted the suppliers’ operations and pushed the prices to rise further.
Europe is already experiencing supply chain shocks for many industries because of the ongoing Russia-Ukraine confrontation. Hence, due to the rising crude oil prices and freight charges, the industries are facing an energy crisis, and the prices are increasing at a fast pace. The price of acrylonitrile averaged CFI 1788 USD/MT.
In March 2022, in China, the price of styrene, a key feedstock, was 9350 RMB/MT. The expansion of the ABS market was driven favourably by the increasing penetration of ABS applications in the building industry. One of the biggest elements impacting industrial growth is rising building expenditure, particularly in emerging nations, as disposable income rises. Pipes, plastic sheets, and fittings are all made of ABS. Product development was accelerated by technological improvements and product developments, such as nylon and ABS alloys with increased strength. Furthermore, the product's design flexibility, chemical resistance, and exceptional mechanical qualities aided its use in a variety of end-use sectors.
Upstream styrene, acrylonitrile, and butadiene performance in China was disappointing in the last quarter, owing to demand stagnation in both the domestic and international markets. As a result of falling demand and declining feedstocks, prices fell in the last quarter of the year. After the end of December 2021, ex-Shanghai Per ton price of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene was estimated to be 2432 USD/MT. The Indian market was underwhelming as well. While the festive season boosted demand, the introduction of the new covid variant followed by a regular demand dip caused prices to fall in Q4. Imports of feedstocks were also sluggish, therefore prices for ABS low flow grade on CFR basis fell from 190,180 INR/MT in October to 155,400 INR/MT in December.
Due to strong demand from downstream sectors, the European ABS market stayed strong throughout the quarter. The price pattern validated the above sentiment as in early October, ABS prices were evaluated at 2850 USD/MT FOB, while in the last week of December, they were assessed at 3015 USD/MT. Throughout the quarter, strong feedstock styrene price pushed up overall production costs and, as a result, ABS pricing. Demand was strong throughout the quarter, with few to no variations due to the winter vacation season. Imports from Asia remained restricted due to high freight costs, making imported goods unsustainable and uncompetitive.
Despite a reduction in upstream styrene monomer costs, ABS contract prices increased to 1195 EUR/MT FD Northwest Europe in January 2022. Butadiene and acrylonitrile price increases, on the other hand, spurred the producers to pursue higher contract price targets.
Feedstock costs changed throughout the period, causing downstream ABS prices to fluctuate as well. The rehabilitation from the catastrophe due to Hurricane Ida extended until mid-Q4, putting a strain on styrene supply. While prices rose in October 2021, they fell in November and then rose again in December, reaching 2948 USD/MT on a free delivery basis. In Q4, demand was consistent, but slowed as the year progressed, owing to the winter holiday season.
In the first quarter of 2021, the Asian market saw a significant increase in overall the demand from a variety of downstream industries. Several small-scale ABS machines in China were offline for a few days over the Lunar New Year holiday in February, halting domestic supply. Meanwhile, demand from local electronics and home appliance manufacturers increased dramatically in India, supporting its prices. Supply remained limited during the quarter, causing the ABS prices in India to rise from 2016 USD/MT in January 2021 to 2120.3 USD/MT in March 2021.
The market showed conflicting attitudes in the second quarter, with some countries' demand improving successfully while others battled with the pandemic's ramifications or a slow economic recovery. In China, demand was solid to stable, with the construction and automobile sectors showing signs of recovery as they returned to pre-pandemic levels. In the second half of the quarter, however, vigorous restocking and lower upstream resources kept the prices stable. Meanwhile, in the Indian market, low demand and abundant supply of ABS, as well as the raw material styrene monomer, pushed prices lower in the early days, before gradually climbing in the month of June. As a result, throughout the month, ABS prices hovered at 2734 USD/MT in India and 2080 USD/MT in China.
The market had a proliferative trajectory in pricing in Q3 2021, as supply of acrylonitrile and styrene remained restricted due to China's power constraint. Following the 'duo cutbacks' on energy usage and carbon emissions in September, most Chinese businesses were forced to reduce their production activity, putting a strain on the polymer’s market. Due to the significant scarcity of feedstocks caused by plant turnarounds in China and South Korea, the regional ABS market remained tense. In August, Shandong Hai Jiang abruptly shut down its acrylonitrile factory owing to a technical issue, while Liaoning Petrochemicals and Ningbo LG chem reported maintenance outages in the third quarter. FOB Qingdao-China prices in September were 2817 USD/MT, up 74 USD/MT from July 2021. Because of a shortage of raw materials from South Korea and China, the Indian market remained sluggish in Q3.
ABS had substantial demand support from both domestic and international sources in the European market. Lower upstream supplies in Europe halted its production across the continent, despite robust demand throughout the quarter. Furthermore, a container shortage along the Europe-Asia route, combined with strong export demand from Asia, forced prices to rise, causing manufacturers to operate at lower capacities. Meanwhile, a leading ABS manufacturer in Europe increased its ABS prices (resin) by approximately 476.9 USD/MT, effective March 1, 2021.
In the second quarter, the revival of the European economy was the primary factor that boosted the demand in the region. Many contracts were received, according to manufacturers, with some of them booked until the end of the year. The market confidence resulting from successful vaccination efforts and the relaxation of lockdown restrictions in most European countries was ascribed to the high demand for ABS. As a result of strong demand and improving production activity, prices in Europe skyrocketed during this quarter.
During Q3, the market in Europe showed conflicting sentiments for ABS prices. The price trend was pushed higher by a significant increase in the value of the feedstocks acrylonitrile and styrene, as well as reduced production rates in the region. The declaration of force majeure by AnQor in the Netherlands, one of the world's leading producers of acrylonitrile, pushed up the prices even further in August. Furthermore, the exponential growth in the prices in the European market was caused by increasing interoceanic freight expenses throughout Asia-Europe and US-Europe trading lines. After the lifting of force majeure and the resumption of operations at various plants, the prices remained stable at the conclusion of the quarter.
Several plant activities were impacted by winter storms in the United States in the first quarter of 2021. Several upstream materials, such as acrylonitrile and styrene, were in short supply. ABS supply in the region was still insufficient to meet regional demand. The supply chain remained interrupted as a result of dented production lines, with little hope for recovery.
In the second quarter, the market saw a sharp surge in pricing, owing to limited supply activity in the region. Following the winter shutdown in February, the prices skyrocketed in April and May, before beginning to decline as major manufacturers resumed plant operations in the country. Following the country's successful vaccination push, the market saw a significant increase in demand from the downstream construction and automotive industries. As a result, by the end of May, there had been a significant increase in ABS prices, which then decreased in June, eventually settling at 2910 USD/MT in the United States.
ABS prices increased exponentially in the third quarter of 2021. The growing pricing trend was caused by high demand from downstream sectors and unavailability of feedstock. Hurricane Ida wreaked havoc on oil and gas refineries, as well as other manufacturing plants, in August, disrupting the supply chain and driving up the price of ABS. Due to a power loss caused by Hurricane Ida in Louisiana, Cornerstone had to shut down its acrylonitrile factory while INEOS Styrolutions' styrene plant in Texas was shut down for repairs at the end of September. In September, FD-US Gulf monthly average prices were 2958 USD/MT, up 132 USD/MT from July.
In March 2021, Brazilian styrene and polystyrene maker Innova declared force majeure at its Triunfo styrene monomer factory. The plant was forced to shut down due to a power outage. When Innova's operations were restarted, the catalyst was found to be severely damaged. This action hindered ABS supplies in Brazilian markets where styrene is a key ingredient.
Although the automotive sector is a primary driver of the Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene market in Asia, the market received substantial support from makers of appliances, toys, and air conditioners despite a significant decline in automobile sales in the third quarter. Chinese ABS makers reported excellent profits which did not dip below 85% in Q3. However, in Q4, China's import ABS market had four consecutive weeks of decline due to reduced demand during the year-end slump and declining styrene prices.
Southeast Asian markets, meanwhile, jumped on the bandwagon, albeit at a slower rate. The weekly aggregate of ABS prices on a CIF China basis fell by more than 150 USD/MT, or more than 6%, since the decline began in early December. Meanwhile, ABS prices on a CIF SEA basis decreased by less than 85 USD/MT in recent weeks. Reduced feedstock prices were highlighted as one of the primary reasons for the market's decline.
In Q3, European ABS makers announced a new wave of price hikes, claiming that demand for the material far outstripped regional supply. Non-automotive industries such as electrical appliances, furniture, and toys, among others, showed signs of improvement ahead of automotive, propelling Q3 results for most ABS producers. Following the economic disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, European appliance demand increased in September, owing to increased spending on home modifications by end-consumers.
The demand grew in Q3 2020, and prices began to firm up in the second week of August. Increased purchases of domestic equipment and air conditioners during the epidemic, as many people were quarantined at home and adopted a work-from-home culture, boosted market sentiments. After suffering a huge setback as a result of the economic slowdown, demand in the US automotive sector began to pick up near the end of the year, indicating a V-shaped rebound in sectoral growth. The price in the United States increased in August due to restricting worldwide availability. Because engineered plastic is commonly utilised in the production of toys, players anticipated an increase in demand in the run-up to the Christmas holidays.
In 2020, Brazil's demand for the polymer was estimated to be 120k MT and it continued to increase as demand for automobiles, electronic and electrical equipment, and consumer items rose.
ABS, an amorphous polymer and opaque thermoplastic, is a polymer comprised of three distinct monomers in various proportions: acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene. Due to its toughness, resistance to heat, and anti-corrosive properties, it is utilised in a wide variety of applications. It is the most often used plastic and the material of choice for 3-D printing. Additionally, it is easily recyclable.
|Product Name||Polytetramethylene Ether Glycol (PTMEG)|
|Industrial Uses||Plasticizers, Medical Technology, Alternative Energy, Food Handling and Equipment, Aircraft, Defense and Aerospace|
|Molecular Weight||211.30 g/mol|
|Synonyms||Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, 2-Propenenitrile, Polymer with 1,3-butadiene, Ethenylbenzene acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene|
|Region/Countries Covered||Asia Pacific: China , India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Iran, Thailand, South Korea, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Nepal, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, UAE, Israel, Hongkong, Singapore, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, Australia, and New Zealand
Europe: Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, Turkey, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, Belgium, Austria, Ireland Switzerland , Norway, Denmark, Romania, Finland, Czech Republic, Portugal and Greece
North America: United States and Canada
Latin America: Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Columbia, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru
Africa: South Africa, Nigeria, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco
|Currency||US$ (Data can also be provided in local currency)|
|Supplier Database Availability||Yes|
|Customization Scope||The report can be customized as per the requirements of the customer|
|Post-Sale Analyst Support||360-degree analyst support after report delivery|
The production of ABS takes place from the emulsion process. In the emulsion process, ABS is obtained by the polymerization of acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene.
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The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).
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