Sodium Hypochlorite Prices (Q4 2021)
The feedstock chlorine market experienced a large demand. However, as production of chlorine was flourishing in India during a time of low seasonal demand, the price of chlorine went down in the region affecting the prices of the downstream products like sodium hypochlorite.
In Europe, chlorine availability was limited which impacted the production of sodium hypochlorite during the first half of the final quarter. The cost of chlorine also went down to 125 USD/MT in India, which in turn impacted the prices in the region.
The feedstock chlorine availability was low in the US during the final quarter of 2021 as production in several factories remained low. This affected the production of the chemical. As the chlorine supplies were restored later in December 2021, amid low demand the price of chlorine went down to 380 USD/MT FOB USGC, thereby impacting the prices in the region.
Sodium Hypochlorite Prices (Q1-Q3 2021)
In Asia, the market witnessed mixed sentiments during the first quarter of 2021, as the coronavirus cases were declining in most countries across the region. Nevertheless, the demand from the sanitisation industry remained strong as countries took precautionary steps to curb the pandemic. Some states in India stocked the supplies of sodium hypochlorite to be utilised for the sanitisation of the cities. Additionally, the cases of bird flu emerged in some Indian states due to which the prices were stable and rangebound. The demand was stable in the Asian market across the region, supported by high offtakes from downstream industries like the disinfectant sector. The pandemic resurged rapidly in India, which induced the product’s demand in the country. The prices, however, remained stable due to the regulations by the government and the consistent supply activities in the country.
In China, on the other hand, the prices of several commodities were on the rise, including sodium hypochlorite, as the demand from the disinfectant industry was rising as the pandemic resurfaced in several Asian countries. Additionally, the rising costs of production and global inflation also contributed to its price rise. The market in Asia registered supply constraints of the feedstock chlorine during the third quarter which eventually caused the prices to surge in the region. Several ports in China were congested as cargo processing slowed down due to the zero-tolerance policy for coronavirus. This along with the high freight charges contributed to the increment in the prices in Asia. In India, the prices increased marginally during the third quarter of 2021 as imports were delayed. This coupled with the spillover effect led to an inadequate supply of the chemical. Shipping containers also faced an extreme shortage and imports grew expensive which added on to the reasons for the soaring high prices in the region during the third quarter.
In 2021 during the first quarter, the European countries witnessed the second wave of Covid 19 with an effective rise in the number of cases on a daily basis. The demand therefore was high and firm during this quarter across the region as the government took measures to sanitize roads and public places. The prices remained stable during the quarter, as most of the product was being consumed by government authorities. The demand in Europe had reduced during the second quarter as the disinfectant sector relaxed due to a fall in the number of new coronavirus cases in European countries. Nevertheless, the prices were stable even though demand decreased, as traders remained optimistic about the future demand for the product in the region and predicted a rise in demand from the industrial disinfectant sector. Limited supply of feedstock chlorine and an increased demand in the US, impacted the prices in the Europe. The feedstock prices also rose which in turn influenced the chemical’s market value in the region. In Europe, due to the ongoing crisis of natural gas during September, several production units were forced to limit their production capacities which impacted the supply of the chemical, eventually escalating the price in the region.
In North America, the market witnessed a stable demand during the first quarter of 2021. Even though the number of new cases in US had been declining steadily, the demand remained stable from the sanitisation industry till the end of February. Additionally, the fast-moving vaccination drives supported the decline in cases in the region. Producers were unsure about the price stability even though the market remained firm till February, which was followed by a downward trajectory of prices after March. During the second quarter of 2021, the chemical remained firm backed by a robust demand in the regional market amidst supply shortages. The market witnessed significant offtakes from the disinfectant market as well as from the cleaning sector as the availability was insufficient to keep with up with the overall demands.
Additionally, in the wake of low availability amidst high demand, the upstream chlorine prices were going up as a major production plant in the US remained shut. The soaring prices of chlorine had a major impact on the sodium hypochlorite prices during the second quarter. In the third quarter of 2021, backed by robust demand from water treatment chemical industry, the market witnessed an upward trend in the North American region. The price was encouraged by the limited availability of the feedstock chlorine as a result of low production levels in the US due to the Hurricane Ida which caused landfalls in the US Gulf Coast during the end of August 2021. Apart from this, the prices were also influenced by the logistical issues in the region during the third quarter.
Sodium Hypochlorite Prices Overview 2020
The demand in India in 2020 remained high as the government imposed disinfecting programmes in government hospitals and public transports like buses and metros. The prices soared high during the second quarter and stabilised later in the third and fourth quarters with interference from the government. With the festive season in November, the demand for the chemical surged in the final quarter as a sudden rise in consumption was observed. China too witnessed a stable demand as a disinfectant in 2020.
As new strains of Coronavirus emerged in several European countries, the demand for disinfectant surged across the region which in turn increased the chemical’s demand as well as affected the supply of chlorine. Several production units were reported to run at low capacities while some plants halted production due to the feedstock unavailability. The demand remained high in 2020 which increased the prices of the product gradually.
During the third quarter of 2020, a shortage of surface and floor cleaners was observed which resulted in a high demand for the chemical during the final quarter in the domestic market. Bleach-based cleaning wipes, a product that has a major application of sodium hypochlorite, had been consumed till no more stocks were available in supermarkets for the product. However, manufacturers were not able to gain from the surge in demand as they faced shortages of the feedstock materials. By the end of the year 2020, the disinfectants and wipes had been restocked in the market in limited quantities.
Procurement Resource provides latest prices of Sodium Hypochlorite. Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.
Procurement Resource provides prices of Sodium Hypochlorite for several regions around the globe, which are as follows:
About Sodium Hypochlorite:
Sodium Hypochlorite, a sodium salt of hypochlorous acid, is usually utilised as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent. Sodium Hypochlorite solutions are pale, greenish to yellow coloured liquids, which are commonly known as liquid bleach. This chemical resembles an odour of chlorine.
In this process, chlorine reacts with sodium hydroxide in a chlorination reaction to finally produce Sodium Hypochlorite as the end product.
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The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).
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