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Aniline Price Trend and Forecast
Get the latest insights on price movement and trend analysis of Aniline in different regions across the world (Asia, Europe, North America, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa).
Aniline Price Trend for the October-December of 2023
Aniline prices observed mixed trend in the Asian markets during quarter four of the year 2023. In the Chinese market, aniline prices first took a downward hit of around 18% from October to November; however, it showed an increment of around 12% during the latter half of the quarter. In the Chinese market, aniline spot prices averaged around 1537 USD/MT during the last month of December, and this increment is primarily owed to the armed conflict that broke out between the state of Israel and Hamas, which once again disturbed the global supply chains like the Russian war.
The Indian aniline market, on the other hand, observed consistent upliftment during the said time period as the monthly average prices rose from around 1472 USD/MT (CIF, India) in October to around 1515 USD/MT (CIF, India) in December, exhibiting an incline of about 2%. The Indian aniline market was relatively more stable compared to the other markets, but the overall market outlook was positive for aniline.
Since aniline is produced from benzene, the price trend are usually found in the alliance; given the production cuts and armed conflicts, the entire petrochemical industry suffered as the prices increased. Aniline prices were observed to be wavering in confined limits. Overall, mixed market sentiments were observed.
The North American market performed relatively weakly at the price scale during the last quarter of months in 2023. The impending holiday season around Christmas and New Year called for dull demands from the consumption industries, primarily chemical industries, and thus, the aniline prices were found to be depreciating in the American market during the said period.
According to Procurement Resource, Aniline price trend are expected to continue wavering in a similar manner going forward as well. Market demands and supply dynamics will continue to drive the market sentiments for aniline.
Aniline Price Trend for the July-September of 2023
Aniline is a versatile chemical used in various industries like pharma, fabrics, plastics, etc. During the discussed third quarter of 2023, the aniline price trend mostly registered positive hikes along with some occasional dips. The downstream demands, along with feedstock prices, fundamentally drove the aniline price trend.
With an impressive escalation of about 21%, aniline’s regional spot price in the Chinese domestic market elevated from around 1334 USD/MT in July’23 to about 1615 USD/MT in September’23. The price analysis is giving positive forecasts for the coming months as well.
On the other hand, in India, the aniline price graph was relatively more plateaued. The prices first grew in August but again came down in September’23. An overall hike of around 1% was observed in the Indian regional market as it closed the third quarter at around 1385 USD/MT (CIF) in September’23 after ranging around 1365 USD/MT (CIF) in July’23.
The European price analysis for aniline suggested fluctuating price trend during the said time period. The market started slowly in July’23 with a slump in demands from the consuming sectors. However, the demands started showing positive movements in the middle of the quarter, primarily from the pharma sector, and carried the aniline rates up along together. Overall, mixed market sentiments were observed for aniline.
The North American market almost mimicked the European price trajectories for aniline in Q3’23. After a dull beginning in July, the market finally started picking up in mid-August ’23. The demands from the chemical, dyes, and plastic industries were the principal drivers of the aniline price index.
According to Procurement Resource, the aniline market trend suggest a mixed market run going forward. The aniline price analysis gives a positive market outlook for the coming quarter.
Aniline Price Trend for the First Half of 2023
The Asia-Pacific market showcased mixed trend in the first two quarters of 2023 as the demand from the downstream MDI producers fluctuated throughout the said period. In China, the spot prices inclined sharply from 1468 USD/MT in January to 1844 USD/MT in March, then swiftly declining to around 1525 in June’23.
On the other hand, in India, the price trend steadily inclined from around 1792 USD/MT in January to 1932 USD/MT in June’23. The major contributors to this incline were the stable demand from the furniture sector, the rise in the level of inquiries, and the low availability of products due to the shutting down of several manufacturing plants.
The methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) market heavily influenced the price trend of Aniline in the first two quarters of 2022. The prices suffered negatively from the falling orders from MDI and other downstream industries. The declining feedstock prices, coupled with weakened demand from the fertilizer industry, further aided the fall in aniline prices. However, the prices were subjected to marginal fluctuations, given the current market fundamentals.
In North America, the price trend for Aniline inclined during the first quarter as the demand from the MDI sector improved. The inquiry levels from polyurethane industries were stable while the manufacturing sector struggled to keep up with them.
Amid the limited supply, stagnant demand for the product, rising inflation, and uncertainties in the upstream costs, the price trend moved upward. However, with the arrival of cheap imports from China, the US market faced the issue of oversupply, causing domestic manufacturers to decrease their quotations to remain competitive. Hence, the price trend for Aniline suffered in the second quarter.
According to Procurement Resource, the price trend for Aniline are expected to fluctuate in the upcoming quarter. The oversupply of Chinese products amid subdued demand from the European region and uncertainties in the oil market will likely exert pressure on the aniline prices.
Aniline Price Trend for the Second Half of 2022
The price trend of aniline witnessed an oscillating trajectory in the said quarter. The upstream crude oil prices relaxed providing much-needed relief to the petrochemical industries. In China, the operational rates were decreased on government orders to tackle the growing heat waves and power consumption. Hence, this further limited the supply of aniline in the market but no simultaneous rise in the prices was seen considering the muted sentiments of the market. However, towards the end of Q3, the prices inclined to owe to the momentarily increase in the downstream demand.
This pattern continued till the mid of Q4, after which the prices again began to fall. Amid the economic slowdown, depreciating currencies and the buyers resorted to wait and see attitude causing the prices of aniline to decline in the market. The price of aniline in the Chinese domestic market settled at 1487 USD/MT ( Spot FD China) (approx..) in September’22 while that of the Indian domestic market settled at 1959 USD/MT (Spot FD India) (approx..).
Aniline prices declined ( with occasional fluctuations) in the European region owing to the reduced offtakes from the market as the downstream demand dwindled. High energy rates and supply disruptions contributed to negative market sentiments causing the prices to fall.
The price trend for aniline stood firm in the North American market during the said period. The prices majorly declined with intervals of slight increment. The prices fell owing to decreased demand, reduced offtakes, excess supply, and low feedstock prices.
According to Procurement Resource, the prices of aniline are expected to remain volatile in the coming month. As the international market is recovering from the aftermath of economic backlash the market pricing fundamentals and demand are recovering slowly.
For the Second Quarter of 2022
An oscillating price trend for aniline was noticed in the Asian arena. In China, aniline price increase was attributed to the increased market sentiment after the government relaxed the covid-19 restrictions. The price averaged 11200-11400 RMB/MT in Shandong and around 11800 RMB/MT in East China.
Due to the record high crude oil prices, Europe is experiencing supply chain disruptions, disturbing the market equilibrium, which has offset the acute energy crisis in Europe. Due to the sanctions and reluctance towards Russian cargos, the benzene prices- the primary feedstock for aniline have been appreciated highly. In this quarter, the price for benzene averaged 1427 USD/MT, FOB Hamburg.
Amidst the rising crude oil prices and supply disruptions, benzene prices soared, affecting aniline prices. As of June 2022, the benzene price averaged 1827 USD/MT, further inflating the prices of its derivatives.
According to Procurement Resource, the prices of aniline are expected to fall in the upcoming quarter. The relaxed upstream coal and energy prices will provide the much-required relief to the petrochemical industry. Hence, a high output coupled with dwindling downstream demand will likely cause the prices to fall.
For the First Quarter of 2022
In March 2022, in China, aniline prices were 12700 RMB/MT. The growing demand for MDI in the coatings, adhesives and sealants, and polyurethane sectors was the primary driver of the market. The market's expansion was projected to be hampered by methemoglobin's negative health effects. During the first quarter of 2022, the market saw innovation in the manufacture of aniline from biomass as an opportunity.
For the Fourth Quarter of 2021
The market in the Asia-Pacific region witnessed varying sentiments from different countries during the final quarter of 2021. Aniline prices in China observed an upward trend in the quarter supported by the strong demand from downstream industries like synthetic dyes, agrochemicals, PU foams, etc.
Moreover, strong prices of raw material benzene also aided the pricing trend of aniline. Thus, FOB Qingdao aniline prices were assessed at 1655 USD/MT in December. In India, aniline market sentiments remained bearish, and a significant decrease was seen in aniline prices in the effect of ample supplies and lower buying momentum from downstream producers. Hence, Ex-Mumbai prices stumbled down to 2025.45 USD/MT from 2132.16 USD/MT in the timeframe of October to December.
Aniline prices observed an upward trend across the European region during the fourth quarter of 2021. Strong values of feedstock benzene owing to the dynamic feedstock crude oil fundamentals supported the prices of aniline in this timeframe. Additionally, the price rise was also prompted by the strong demand from downstream MDI producers. Moreover, many local producers were forced to curtail their production levels due to acute energy crises that led to supply constraints and consequently fumed the prices of the chemical in this quarter.
During the final quarter of 2021 in the US, aniline prices observed mixed sentiments in the market as the demand outlook changed. In October, aniline prices seemed bullish supported by firm demand amid tight supplies. The strong prices of feedstock benzene also increased its prices.
The prices in November eased off relatively as freight costs reduced and availability rebounded. In December, however, the fundamentals of the chemical bounced back after receiving strong demand from downstream industries like MDI and due to the price volatility of crude oil.
For First, Second and Third Quarters of 2021
The Asian market observed a stable demand from the domestic downstream sector in the first quarter of 2021, amidst supply constraints of feedstock chemicals. Aniline prices increased aggressively in the Chinese market due to lower stock levels after the Lunar holidays and strong demand from downstream MDI and ink producers, which led to a rise in average FOB prices by 64% during the quarter and finally settled down at 2013.34 USD/MT till March-end. Similarly, in the Indian market, shortage of benzene and the lack of Chinese supply led the prices to rise by 5.8% from January to March, backed by enhanced crude oil values.
The Asian market witnessed dullness for aniline, where the demand fundamentals remained tight throughout the second quarter. Despite the continuous decrease in aniline prices in China, traders remained stressed, as prices were still 120% high Y-o-Y basis.
Some temporary shutdowns and plant resumptions like Dongying Huatai and Jinling Dongying suppressed the stock level. Traders were careful about the sudden surge in pandemic cases in India, which dented the demand from China as well as from the domestic market. In India, under dull demand fundamentals, producers ran their operations on 30% to 40% capacity during this timeframe. Therefore, after an effective decrease, aniline prices hovered around 2113 USD/MT and 1640 USD/MT for India and China, respectively during May end.
During the third quarter, aniline prices soared in the Asian market owing to the inflation in the prices of feedstock benzene. Another factor that strongly supported the rise was the congestion on several China ports due to the shutdown of Ningbo port, which is the world’s third busiest port following the zero-tolerance coronavirus policy which led to the disturbance in the supply chain.
Several countries that import aniline from China which includes India, the USA, Japan, Hungary, Belgium, etc. consequently suffered a proliferative trend in prices of aniline during the quarter. Ex Mumbai aniline prices observed an upsurge of 210.52 USD/MT from July to September, finally settling at 2194.99 USD/MT in September.
Strong demand from the downstream MDI producers amidst a critical shortage of feedstock chemicals, pushed the prices to follow an upward trend during Q1 2021. Insufficient supply from the US gulf coast to the global market forced European producers to increase their exports to other continents like Asia. The congestion of trade routes amid high freight costs supported the prices of aniline to rise effectively across the region.
Aniline prices rose effectively in Europe during the second quarter of 2021, as the demand from the domestic and international market remained strong throughout this timeframe. Benzene influenced the prices of several downstream products including aniline, which also influenced the market of the US. However, global benzene supply constraint decreased the production of aniline across the region thus denting the overall market sentiments.
In Q3 2021, the market outlook of aniline observed an exponential rise in the pricing trend backed by the cut down in the manufacturing rates by several sectors due to the energy crisis. Besides, the demand for aniline remained strong from downstream sectors throughout this timeframe.
The North American market for the chemical suffered a rare cold snap that kneeled the production activities across Texas during the first quarter of 2021. Prolonged supply constraint of feedstock chemicals including aniline since Q4 2020 got another boost after this extreme weather disruption, that supported its average prices and led it to rise by 8.75% within the quarter, taking it to 1400 USD/MT levels by March-end.
Due to weather conditions, the majority of downstream MDI manufacturing plants were shut down during this time. Covestro announced force majeure on its MDI plant, similarly to other production units based in Florida, Louisiana and Mississippi, that reduced the demand of the chemical across the region and prevented the prices from further acceleration.
Aniline prices remained dynamic during the second quarter of 2021, as the demand from downstream producers remained high in the first half of the quarter however, it gradually decreased in the other half. From the demand perspective, the automotive sector showcased strong sentiments during the quarter, which increased the demand for aniline derivatives in the USA.
However, reduced production of automotive due to material supply constraint impacted its demand in the latter half. Thus, after gaining momentum since the previous quarter, the prices decreased in June and settled at 1350 USD/MT in Texas, USA. Additionally, enhanced production activities in the Gulf of the USA also effectively contributed to this decrease, as the supply of feedstock benzene enhanced effectively.
The prices continued to trace an upward trend owing to the scarcity of feedstock benzene during the third quarter of 2021. By the end of August, Ida hurricane landfall caused most of the manufacturing plants and petrochemical refineries to remain shut for almost two weeks because of power outages across the Gulf Coast of the USA. It not only affected the manufacturing process but also disrupted the supply chain which consequently led to the scarcity of the chemical as well as its downstream products.
PBF Energy shut down its benzene facility while Rubican shut down its aniline and MDI manufacturing units in Louisiana as a repercussion of the hurricane. Furthermore, the high demand for aniline for its downstream MDI from end-use sectors including automotive, construction and consumer goods contributed to the surge in its pricing trend.
For the Year 2020
The demand in Asia surpassed its Q2 levels in the third quarter following a strong demand for methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) which served as the key contributing factor for enhanced margins. The Chinese aniline plant operating levels had been high, driven by increased buying sentiments since mid-June.
Strong recovery in the PU foams sector which is used in the furniture and appliances was seen with many Southeast Asian manufacturers ramping up production feeling the festive push. In India, the demand from the pharmaceutical industry remained firm throughout the third quarter with several market players receiving import orders from the US.
The market remained pressured in the third quarter of 2020 as the second wave of COVID-19 hit the European Union. The demand for the chemical from the downstream sectors of automotive and construction remained muted as the economy continued to struggle with the economic downturn.
The pricing curve remained firm as there were several reports of downstream MDI plant turnarounds in the region which further pressed the demand side. Production outages at several automotive factories also affected its consumption. The third quarter ended with the reports of Borsod Chem starting production at its new 200 KTPA aniline plant in Hungary by the same time in the following year.
Domestic demand observed a sharp rebound with a strong uptick in PU demand from the construction and automotive sectors which remained in the doldrums during the second quarter of 2020 as US continued the strictest coronavirus-related restrictions on economic activity.
The end-use markets registered tightness in supply owing to logistic disruptions and plant closures in several provinces of the US caused by Hurricane Laura. Consumption by the producers of MDI showed a sharp recovery with better sales figures registered from sectors such as consumer durables and home appliances.
Procurement Resource provides latest prices of Aniline. Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.
Aniline is a primary arylamine in which one of the benzene hydrogens is replaced by an amino functional group. It belongs to the anilines family and is a primary arylamine. It has a distinct odour and is clear to slightly yellow in colour. At room temperature, it does not readily evaporate. Aniline is mildly water soluble and readily blends with most organic solvents.
|Antioxidants/Antiozonants, Dyes, Intermediates, Processing Aids
|1- aminobenzene, anilin, arylamine, benzamine, benzenamine
|BASF, Chemours, Bayer, Huntsman, Sumitomo Chemical, Volzhsky Orgsynthese
|Asia Pacific: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Iran, Thailand, South Korea, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Nepal, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, UAE, Israel, Hongkong, Singapore, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, Australia, and New Zealand
Europe: Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, Turkey, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, Belgium, Austria, Ireland Switzerland, Norway, Denmark, Romania, Finland, Czech Republic, Portugal and Greece
North America: United States and Canada
Latin America: Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Columbia, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru
Africa: South Africa, Nigeria, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco
|US$ (Data can also be provided in local currency)
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Aniline is produced by nitrating benzene using nitric and sulfuric acids to produce nitrobenzene, which is then hydrogenated at high temperatures in the presence of metal catalysts to produce aniline.
The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).
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