For the Fourth Quarter of 2021
In November 2021, the natural rubber prices in India were approaching the 200 INR/kg barrier, having reached an eight-year high. The increase was sparked by a severe scarcity, exacerbated by exceptional rains during peak tapping season. The RSS-4 grade which is utilized in the tyre sector was priced at 188 INR/kg, up more than 9% in the last month. Merchants stated that the market's unofficial prices were somewhere around 192 INR/kg. Heavy rains occurred on top of import bottlenecks and skyrocketing latex prices, all of which occurred during November's prime tapping season. Typically, rubber estates are rain-guarded between April and May. However, it was hurt hard this year by Covid-19's revival and the lockdown. The rain guards, which were erected to endure the Southwest monsoon, proved unsuccessful during October and November's intense rains. The rubber sector had asked the government to request concessionary imports of the product which the government had not considered. Simultaneously, a container shortage resulted in an increase in freight prices, blocking lucrative imports of the item. However, in November and December, the rate of RSS 4-grade fell to approximately 162 INR/kg.
Natural rubber prices in China were highly dependent on how quickly and effectively China resolved its power supply problems. The dynamics were critical to the market's short-term fundamentals. China utilized 507,000 MT of natural rubber in August and 50,000 MT in September, despite the fact that manufacturing activities were hampered by the power supply shortage. International costs decreased significantly since June. This was primarily due to weak demand from China, the world's largest customer. However, by the second part of October, it was hoped that China's manufacturing industry would resume normal operation, as a result of which worldwide natural rubber prices would begin to climb northward and firm.
According to data recently released by the SNCP (Syndicat National du Caoutchouc et des Polymères), prices for rubber products continued to rise during the second half of the year. Prices for natural and synthetic base material continued to rise in January, according to the French rubber industry group. In the natural rubber market, SNCP's RSS3 grade tracker indicated a year-on-year price recovery to 181.88 EUR cents/kg in January 2022. The RSS3 pricing trend showed a substantial improvement in the first month of Covid-hit 2021, when prices approached the 150 EUR cents/kg barrier, albeit they remained much lower than the above 200 EUR cents/kg prices seen a year ago.
For First, Second and Third Quarters of 2021
By August 2021, the domestic economy in India had already experienced an acute scarcity of raw materials. The severe Covid crisis in Kerala harmed production even more. Additionally, the increase in latex consumption impacted sheet rubber production, which saw a 25-30% decline in output. Latex was purchased at a high price of 155 INR/kg. To avoid complications with sheet processing, rubber planters were compelled to switch to latex, although temporarily. In India, the product’s productivity rose 28% year on year to 325,000 MT during the first six months of FY21. Nonetheless, it was unable to keep up with rising spending as the economy recovered from the consequences of the Covid-19 crisis. Between January and August 2021, consumption increased by roughly 45% to 630,000 MT. Imports were contracted to cover the gap by the struggling tyre industry but were delayed due to an extreme container scarcity and freight rate increases. Additionally, prices remained stable in India due to the following factors such as supply and demand outages caused by lower output in the country's largest producer of the commodity, Kerala, a decline in automobile production due to a semiconductor chip shortage, and increased demand for latex gloves following the COVID-19 pandemic. Numerous producers were exporting rubber as latex rather than turning it into sheets for industry.
Natural rubber prices in China continued to rise in August, owing to China's increased acquisition in huge amounts. They were expected to strengthen further, owing to China's increased imports in significant amounts. Between August and November, China was anticipated to consume approximately 500,000 MT. However, only 115,000 MT of this could be met by domestic production. For the next couple of months, mood in the physical markets was dominated by the imminent arrival of Chinese purchasers into the Asian market for sizable imports.
Consumption fell considerably in the European region in 2021-2022 as a result of decreasing vehicle production. Nonetheless, a late-year resurgence in both demand and oil prices provided a much-needed boost to the product's values.
Natural rubber prices remained stable due to low demand. They decreased to 1.74 USD/kg in November 2021, from approximately 2.40 USD/kg in March 2021, a seven-year high. Demand dwindling as a result of lower-than-expected vehicle sales, a result of the semiconductor shortfall, helped keep expenses under control as two-thirds of natural rubber was being used in tyre manufacturing. Global logistical delays, unexpected rises in ocean freight costs, and an acute scarcity of semiconductors, all weighed on the rebound momentum in a number of critical sectors. Additionally, there were geopolitical concerns, most notably the upheaval in Afghanistan as a result of the US's precipitous exit, which destabilized the markets. Climate and geopolitical concerns drew speculative investors away from risky assets, which had an effect on its futures.
For the Year 2020
Natural Rubber prices were quoted at 14,722 INR/100 kg in Kottayam, India for 2020. Since April 1, 2020, their price in India have nearly doubled. The spike has been linked primarily to global reasons, most notably China's large volume purchases from the top producer. RSS-4 grade was quoted at 163 INR/kg in Kottayam on December 1, a six-year peak in India. This increased price was necessary due to Thailand's manufacturing being harmed by new coronavirus-related travel restrictions. The limitations stopped Laotian and Myanmarese rubber tappers from visiting Thai rubber estates. Additionally, rubber trees in South-East Asia had been afflicted by pestalotiopsis, a fungal disease that results in irregular leaf fall. Indian production was reduced in 2020 as a result of growers abandoning the tapping technique.
Global natural rubber prices increased once more, as rubber exporters targeted the global automobile and other processing plants. Nonetheless, because the pandemic remained uncertain, local exporters were cautious in setting profit objectives for this year. In 2020, France sold natural rubber worth 87 million US dollars to other nations. As a result, France was listed among the world's top 15 natural rubber exporting countries by value in 2020. Germany's exports were worth 79.2 million US dollars in 2020. This was a nearly 10% reduction from the previous year. Germany remained, nevertheless, one of the top twenty exporters of the product in the world.
90% of the world economy is reliant on Asia for natural rubber supply. For instance, the United States imported natural rubber worth $140 million in March 2020 solely. Travel limitations associated with the COVID-19 outbreak had a significant influence in 2020 on the natural rubber production declines. It hampered the physical access of migrant labourers from Laos, Myanmar, and other border nations to Thailand and Malaysia's plantations and fields. The harbors in that region were heavily struck by the epidemic, resulting in increased loading / unloading delays, as well as container shortages.
Between June 2020 and November 2020, the price of the product climbed from 31.2 MXN/kg to 46.56 MXN/kg. The growing natural rubber prices were attributable to global industries grinding to a halt as a result of the coronavirus epidemic, as well as the resulting demand and supply gap.
Procurement Resource provides latest prices of Natural Rubber. Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.
Procurement Resource provides prices of Natural Rubber for several regions around the globe, which are as follows:
Natural Rubber is basically an elastic substance that is derived from the latex sap of trees, especially those trees that do belong to the genera Hevea and Ficus. Moreover, natural rubber is an elastomer or an elastic hydrocarbon polymer. It is a thermoplastic, which can further be vulcanised like other synthetic rubbers.
The rubber trees are ‘tapped’ for collecting the rubber latex. For this, an incision is made into the bark of the rubber tree where the latex sap is collected in cups. It is further processed industrially before commercial use.
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The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).