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Diesel Price Trend and Forecast
Get comprehensive insights into the Diesel market, with a focused analysis of the Diesel price trend across Asia, Europe, North America, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa.
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Diesel Price Trend for the October - December of 2023
Diesel prices saw swift variations throughout the fourth quarter of 2023 in the Asian markets. Initially, at the beginning of the quarter in October, the diesel prices built upon the downfall in the previous month and as a result, the Chinese market saw a fall of about 3% in the monthly average spot prices from October to November. However, by the year-end, the suppliers hinted at a swift price rise since the feedstock crude oil also witnessed shifts around this time. Other than the momentary fluctuations, an overall fall in diesel prices was observed in the fourth quarter. In the Chinese market, the average diesel prices went from around 1080 USD/MT in October’23 to about 1043 USD/MT in December’23. Overall, mixed market sentiments were observed.
The quarter began on a weaker note as the prices observed slight downfalls in the first half of the said quarter. However, as the energy consumption increased in the peak winter months and holiday season primarily for heating purposes, the prices shifted gears and slowly started moving upwards. Conclusively an uneven price graph was observed for diesel in the European market.
The North American market trends for diesel prices remained wavering at the lower side since the feedstock crude oil prices weakened throughout the discussed span. A reduction in offshore offtakes created a supply glut for the American domestic market, causing the prices to remain southwards; the diesel prices averaged around 125 USD/MT in November’23.
According to Procurement Resource, the price trends of Diesel are likely to fluctuate in this uneven manner in the future. Market demand will remain the primary driver for diesel price trends.
Diesel Price Trend for the July-September of 2023
The Asian diesel industry witnessed a period of rapid surges during the third quarter of the year 2023. The most important factor driving these growing price trend was the feedstock crude oil costs. Since the concessions offered by Russia to the major Asian economies like India and China in regard to crude oil was over, the prices of crude oil inclined thereby, causing the diesel prices to rise. Further, the industrial revival in China post pandemic also boosted diesel consumption for various production purposes.
In the Chinese domestic market, the average monthly spot prices for diesel went from around 991 USD/MT to about 1104 USD/MT in September’23, exhibiting an approximate quarterly rise of about 11%. Overall, an elevated price graph was observed for diesel during the said time period of Q3’23 in the Asian diesel markets.
The European diesel market experienced a moderate run during the concerned time period. Since the economic consequences of the Russia and Ukraine conflict started subsiding in the region, diesel prices also started normalizing. However, the inflation in America was influencing the European oil market, so the diesel prices fluctuated, tilting upwards for the span of July to September’2023.
The American market experienced fluctuations in the diesel price graph. With the tribulations in the banking sector, the industries were struggling. The diesel market followed the global trend as the monthly average prices rose from around 110 USD/barrel in July ’23 to about 130 USD/barrel in September’23, showcasing an approximate inclination of about 18%.
According to Procurement Resource, diesel prices are likely to continue wavering at the higher end of the price graph in the coming months as the production cuts announced by OPEC+ are likely to stay till the end of the said year.
Diesel Price Trend for the First Half of 2023
Diesel experienced mixed price trend during the first half of the year 2023, but prices mostly wavered on the lower side of the price curve. In the Chinese domestic market, the prices surged in the first month of the first quarter, from January’23 to February’23, as the markets were busy preparing for the Chinese Lunar New Year. But as the holidays arrived and the economic activities shut down, the prices started depreciating and continued in the same manner till the end of the second quarter, with falling lowest in June’23. An overall decline of about 8% was observed as the average diesel prices (Spot FD) stood at around 987 USD/MT in June.
After a wild run in 2022, the diesel prices stabilized a little in 2023; prices oscillated in a very narrow range, tilting towards the lower side. Per barrel prices averaged at around 1.85 USD during the first quarter. Price normalization was majorly attributed to the lowered crude oil prices, facilitated some economic recovery, and helped combat the high inflation levels.
Following the global price trend, diesel prices declined in America, too, with prices falling from about 130 USD/MT in January’23 to about 108 USD/MT in June’23, witnessing a decline of about 16%. Prices declined because of the oversupply at the beginning of the year owing to the high anticipated demands in the winter season.
According to Procurement Resource, given a consistent fall in the global market, Diesel Price Trend are likely to continue fluctuating in the upcoming months as well.
Diesel Price Trend for the Second Half of 2022
The price trend for diesel showed an oscillating trend in the third quarter of 2022. The prices were majorly affected by the rising inventory levels and reduced offtakes during the initial months of the quarter. The reduction in operation costs, reduced demand, and restricted trade activities affected the third quarter negatively. The prices recovered during the mid-phase of the fourth quarter, as the demand from the agriculture sector and supply shortage shifted the trend upwards.
The price trend of the Asia-Pacific market were mirrored in the European region. In Q3, the diesel prices declined due to the falling crude oil prices, however, they recovered significantly with the crude oil prices stabilized in the middle of the quarter. The end months of this quarter were somehow not favourable as they witnessed a decline in the number of offtakes. The fourth quarter was in favour of surging prices due to the high upstream prices and slightly increased input costs.
The diesel prices fluctuated in the North American region as the rise in inflation, high demand from the global importers, and fall in inventory levels supported the high trend. However, in the mid-months of the fourth quarter, the price trend shifted due to the decrease in demand from the importers and decreased consumption from the logistics and power sectors. The prices inclined in the end months owing to the reduction in refinery rates.
According to Procurement Resource diesel prices are expected to follow an oscillating trend in the upcoming quarter. The fluctuating demand sector, increasing crude oil costs and the economic slowdown are likely to deeply impact the global market.
For the Second Quarter of 2022
Owing to the soaring crude oil prices globally, the Indian Finance Minister announced a 6-rupees reduction in diesel prices to stabilize the domestic market. Diesel prices in India vary from state to state depending on freight charges, local taxes, and excise duty levied by the central government. Towards the end of the second quarter, diesel prices stood at 97.28 INR/litre in Mumbai, whereas in Delhi, they stood at 89.62 INR/litre.
The price in the Chinese domestic arena averaged around 8400-8600 RMB/MT. As crude oil supply was affected, price trend of oil products are anticipated to increase in the upcoming period.
The ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine has immense effects on the cost of commodities globally. The soaring crude oil prices amidst retaliatory sanctions tightened supply caused the crude oil and allied products prices to explode, triggering an energy crisis in the European domestic arena. In June 2022, the price of diesel in the UK soared the most, averaging around 196.7 pence/litre in Scotland and Wales.
In line with the European counterpart, the price of diesel in the USA reached an all-time high since the 2008 global crisis. Towards the end of the said quarter, the price averaged 5.783 USD/gallon. The US sanctions against Russia and the heightened freight charges are some of the reasons behind this maximum.
Another reason contributing to this high price is the availability of gasoline at comparatively lower prices. This price difference is due to the tax benefits with the purchase of gasoline, making it more competitive domestically.
For the First Quarter of 2022
In March 2022, fuel prices were raised for the ninth time in the previous ten days. Diesel prices in Delhi were raised by 80 paise per litre, to roughly 93.07 INR/L, up from 92.27 INR/L previously. Diesel prices in Mumbai rose to 100.94 INR/L. India relies on imports for 85% of its oil needs, and domestic petrol and diesel prices are linked to international rates.
Diesel prices in Europe had been expected to climb for some time due to new EU laws and penalties on carbon emissions, but the Ukraine invasion and supply constraint have already pushed them to record highs in the United Kingdom and the European Union. The EU is now looking for alternative sources of fuel to weather the storm. Europe is coordinating efforts to enhance diesel trade with countries in the Middle East and Asia.
According to the Energy Information Administration, diesel prices increased on average by 74.5 USD/USG in the week ending 7 March to 4.849 USD/USG, marking the ninth consecutive week of increases and breaking the previous high of 4.764 USD/USG set during the week of 14 July 2008.Prices are likely to continue rising, as US has suspend imports of Russian crude and petroleum products as a result of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
For the Fourth Quarter of 2021
In Q-4 2021, average diesel prices in the country were 91.80 INR/L. In October 2021, diesel reached an all-time high, with an average cost of 100.18 USD/L. Prices stayed relatively stable in the fourth quarter, from November 2021 to February 2022, but are still at a high of 90.51 USD/L. Despite worldwide oil price swings, prices held steady throughout the months due to oil firms' choice not to adjust tax rates in the country.
India further decreased the GST on ethanol designed for blending with gasoline from 18%to 5% in December 2021. This was done to reduce the country's reliance on imported crude oil. India currently imports roughly 85% of its oil from other countries to meet domestic demand.
In February 2022, diesel prices in the United States reached a seven-year high of 0.986 USD/L, a staggering 36% increase since December 1, 2021. This price increase halted a nearly equal drop that began in late October. This happened because the viral pandemic's ever-changing state wreaked havoc on both supply and demand, the most recent example being the Omicron strain.
It was accompanied by Russia's military presence along the Ukrainian border, which sparked worries of an impending invasion and its influence on world energy supply. Russia exportsd a significant amount of oil and gas to the rest of the world. If tensions rise to the point of invasion, the supply could be shut off. If Russia invades Ukraine, the US and its European allies would almost certainly retaliate with economic penalties. This might result in global oil and gas shortages, as well as, most likely, higher energy prices.
Crude oil prices rose in the fourth quarter of 2021, and the situation remained tense because of mounting COVID-19 cases in Europe and the potential release of Japanese and Indian oil reserves. It raised concerns about oversupply as well as sluggish demand.
Concerns that tensions in the Middle East and Europe could spill over into energy markets, reducing supplies from key crude producers such as Russia and the United Arab Emirates, were among the causes fuelling the surge. Another cause was the imposition of a CO2 tax as a result of new climate protection rules in Europe. All these factors were responsible for the increase in the price of the fuel.
Brazil increased the price of the fuel to 3.61 BRL/L from 3.34 BRL/L due to higher crude oil prices globally. Fuel costs in Brazil are rising rapidly, with a year-on-year increase of about 44% at the pump in 2021. The administration is debating whether or not it is necessary to go electric with vehicles so as to reduce the dependence on fuels.
For First, Second and Third Quarters of 2021
Diesel prices in India were increased 35 times between the end of Q-2 (May) and the beginning of Q-3 (July). The price climbed by 7-8 INR/L in absolute terms. The state-run oil marketing companies had increased the rates due to increasing international crude oil rates. In 2021, international crude oil prices soared to a three-year high after the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and their Allies (OPEC+) failed to negotiate an important agreement on global crude oil output levels. As global demand soared during the pandemic, OPEC+ countries were attempting to adopt an oil output policy to alleviate oil production.
The nations, however, were unable to strike an agreement, causing Crude Oil to cross $77 per barrel for the first time since late 2018. While Saudi Arabia and Russia, both members of OPEC+, were in favor of boosting oil production by 4,00,000 barrels per day from August 2021 through the end of the year, the UAE rejected the plan. In the second half of October, prices in China reached 8,023.2 RMB/MT (USD1,254), up 64.4% year on year. Due to rising new demand as an alternate fuel amid China's coal shortage, diesel became more expensive. A key influence was also the rise in global crude oil prices.
Diesel prices in the United States went from 2.64 USD/gal in January to 3.194 USD/gal in March in the first quarter of 2021. Because of growing crude oil costs, it continued to rise steadily throughout the year. In November 2021, the price of diesel in the United States was 3.73 USD/gal. Crude oil prices rose as a result of rising COVID-19 vaccination rates, reducing pandemic-related restrictions, and a booming economy, resulting in worldwide petroleum demand outpacing supply.
The OPEC+ crude oil production cuts that began in late 2020 were mostly to blame for the slower output growth. In 2021, crude oil production in the United States fell by 0.1 million barrels per day (b/d) compared to 2020 and by 1.1 million b/d compared to 2019. This drop was partly due to cold weather in February and hurricanes in August, but it was primarily due to a drop in investment among US oil producers since mid-2020.
In France, in Oct 2021, the average price of a litre of diesel had risen to EUR 1.66. Even in Italy, prices reached an all-time high. The high diesel and petrol prices in France and Italy were influenced by the changing footprint of the international market, such as China's greater usage of these fuels to generate electricity, reducing the country's reliance on foreign resources. The lifting of lockdown in countries throughout the world had also put a strain on supply and demand alignment which led to such expensive results.
As global oil prices rose in response to the deployment of COVID-19 vaccinations, Brazil's state-owned oil corporation Petrobras raised local diesel prices at the refinery gate in an attempt to preserve import parity. In March 2021, Petrobras increased the wholesale diesel price by 5.5%, bringing it to an average of 50 cents a litre.
It was done to bring domestic fuel prices in line with international markets, ensuring that the Brazilian market is never short of fuel. The price reached an all-time high in July 2021, despite Brazil's greatest consumer price inflation rate in nearly five years. It increased by 3.7% to 2.81 BRL/L. This was in response to the surge in international oil and oil product prices. In October 2021, the diesel price increased by 9.15%, rising to 3.34 BRL/L from 3.06 BRL/L in the previous month.
For the Year 2020
In India, diesel prices saw a declining trend in the first two quarters, from Jan 2020 to June 2020. The cost abated from 68 INR/L to 62 INR/L. However, from July lockdowns eased and the price rose almost dramatically. It was costing Indians a whooping 80.73 INR/L in July. It was remarkable since, the same year, global crude oil prices fell to an 18-year low as oil demand fell precipitously owing to the Covid-19 outbreak in 2020. The advantages of low crude oil costs, however, were not passed on to Indian citizens. Due to hefty taxes imposed by the central government and states, Indians paid more for fuel despite low international crude oil prices.
The government justified the high excise rate on diesel by claiming that it needed to make up for lost revenue during the pandemic. China also raised its domestic prices by 110 RMB/MT in June 2020, for the first time that year, after decreasing it three times to maintain prices in line with falling world oil costs. It was done to assist state-owned refineries in increasing their utilization rates and recouping their losses. The argument behind this decision was that state-owned refineries had been running at lower rates than their independent peers over the previous three months, and a greater run rate would enable them to earn more profits from the oil demand rebound.
Due to the continued tensions between Washington and Tehran, fuel prices in the United States spiked in early January 2020. At the start of the year, the average retail price of diesel was roughly 3.069 USD/gallon. The rates declined in the third week of the month as global crude oil prices fell following the outbreak of coronavirus.
A declining trend ensued in the US from January to May 2020, when the price was at an all-time low of 2.386 USD/gal. Prices remained relatively stable throughout the year and only began to climb in November 2020. The world was finally waking up from its state-sanctioned coma and the drive to reclaim the lost time and energy was at its apex. In November, the price of fuel was 2.283 USD a gallon.
While diesel was cheaper in practically every country of Europe in the early months of 2020, the price of fuel steadily increased by the end of the year. Diesel was the most expensive in Sweden (1.5 GBP/L) and cheapest in Bulgaria (0.5 GBP/L). Germany's price at 1.25 GBP/L, were in the midst of the two. The cheap cost can be attributed to the world economy abruptly grinding to a halt.
In 2020, the prices declined by 13% compared to the previous year in Brazil. This decrease took place, as in other countries, because of the pandemic related global decline in the cost of crude oil.
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Diesel oil or Diesel fuel is a liquid fuel that is used in diesel engines. It is used as an energy source and is one of the most common and widely used fuel for automobiles such as cars. It is prepared from petroleum and from various other sources, such as biomass, natural gas, animal fat, biogas and others. Diesel fuel quality is assessed from its cetane number, which is simply a measure of the delay of ignition of a diesel fuel.
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Europe: Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, Turkey, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, Belgium, Austria, Ireland Switzerland, Norway, Denmark, Romania, Finland, Czech Republic, Portugal and Greece
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Latin America: Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Columbia, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru
Africa: South Africa, Nigeria, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco
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Diesel fuel is prepared from crude oil. During the refining process of crude oil, the viscous dark thick oil is converted into the much lighter Diesel fuel by heating up the viscous liquid at high temperatures and turning it into a vapour. The obtained vapour is then sent to a fractional distillation tower, where it rises and starts to cool down and the hydrocarbon chains within it return to a liquid state, thus, producing Diesel fuel.
The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).
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