Rice Prices (Q1 2022)
Rice export prices rose this quarter due to strong demand, although Vietnamese traders complained about increased transportation costs due to the Ukraine conflict. With the Ukraine-Russia situation encouraging importers to put additional orders from abroad in Asia, Vietnam's 5% broken rice prices surged to their highest since December at 410-415 USD/MT in March 2022, up from 400 USD/MT in the first week of March.
Long grain milled prices were at or near 650 USD/MT , although prices in South America were at least 100 USD/MT lower. South America is in the midst of harvest season, and there are various uncertainties swirling about Brazil's drought situation. Uruguay has reached the apex of its harvest and is currently on the downhill slope of the final 20%.
Rice Prices (Q4 2021)
The average price of white rice (5% broken) in Vietnam grew by 4.4% month over month to 404.46 USD/MT in October 2021. The price increase was due to supply constraints caused by a reduced harvest in Vietnam and high worldwide demand. Furthermore, following the re-escalation of COVID-19 cases in Vietnam (August 2021), the loosening of social distancing measures aided its exports. According to the General Department of Vietnam Customs, Vietnamese rice exports increased for three months in a row, reaching 593,624 MT in September, up 19% over the previous month. This may put increased pressure on export prices in the coming months, leading up to the next crop in early 2022.
In October, the average price of Thailand white rice (5 % broken) jumped by 0.8% over the previous month, to 338.5 USD/MT. In Q4 2021, Thai exports of the crop were predicted to increase as the Thai Baht weakened, making Thai rice more competitive and increasing worldwide demand. The October average price of white rice (5 % broken) in India, a major producing and exporting country, fell by 2.8 % month-over-month to 363 USD/MT.
Following a three-quarter decline in pricing, with the lowest prices in September, prices returned to July levels by November's conclusion, hitting 350 EUR/MT.
For the week ending December 7, prices for US long-grain milled rice, number 2 grade, 4% broken kernels (free on board a vessel at a Gulf port, Iraqi standards) remained steady at 600 USD/MT, unchanged from the week ending July 20. For the week ending December 7, US prices for Latin American milled rice markets (Haiti, Colombia, and Mexico) were steady at 550 USD/MT, unchanged from the week ending August 3. Unlike milled-rice prices, U.S. rough-rice long-grain export price quotations rose from 340 USD/MT the week ending November 2 to 360 USD/MT the week ending November 23.
Most South American exporters' price quotations climbed or remained constant for the last month. By December end, Uruguay's generic 5% broken-kernel long-grain milled paddy was quoted at 545 USD/MT, unchanged from the week ending November 2. The quoted price for long-grain milled paddy for Latin America was 5 USD less than the US price. There were also pricing quotes for higher-priced nongeneric shipments from Uruguay. Over the last quarter, nothing changed. The price of Argentina's 5% brokens was quoted at 540 USD/MT.
Rice Prices (Q1-Q3 2021)
Due to low demand and greater shipping costs, Indian export prices fell to four-and-a-half-year lows in August, while COVID-19 tariffs in Vietnam pushed rates to one-and-a-half-year lows. Top Thailand's 5% broken rice prices climbed to 387-400 USD/MT, up from 380-395 USD/MT, which was the lowest in more than two years. The 5% broken parboiled kind from India was offered at 352-356 USD/MT, down from 354-358 USD/MT previously.
While freight from the majority of Asian sources to major European ports used to cost approximately $1,000 per TEU, expenses often increased by at least tenfold. Increased demand from nations such as Belgium, Italy, and the Netherlands aided the basmati rice business as exports to Iran remained unclear. This resulted in a 10% spike in its prices over the last two months.
Total rice imports to the United States were predicted to reach a record 39.0 million cwt in 2021/22, up 0.5 million cwt from the previous prediction and more than 13% more than the previous year. All of the month's increased adjustment in imports was due to medium- and short-grain. Imports of medium- and short-grains were anticipated to reach a record 8.0 million cwt in 2021/22, up 0.5 million cwt from the previous prediction and 19% higher than a year before. Prices declined from 466 to 414USD/MT at the end of June over these periods.
Rice Prices Overview 2020
On limited domestic supplies, Vietnam's 5% broken rice prices rose to 500-505 USD/MT in the final week December, the most since 2011, up from 500 USD/MT a week ago. Vietnam's paddy exports in 2020 dropped by 3.5%, to 6.15 MMT. Export sales increased 9.3%, to 3.07 USD billion this year. Thailand's benchmark 5% broken rice RI-THBKN5-P1 prices were quoted at 510-516 USD/MT in December. Due to high pricing, the demand for Thai paddy remained relatively flat. Bangladesh's food minister announced that the country is lowering its rice import fee from 62.5% to 25%, enabling private merchants to import the crop up to a specific amount, in an effort to boost reserves and lower record prices.
In 2020, the EU's brown rice import price was 708 USD/MT, an increase of 3.8% over the previous year. Prices varied significantly by destination country; Germany had the highest price (940 USD/MT), while Portugal had the lowest (499 USD/MT).
European paddy imports were on the rise, and specialized varieties such as fragrant basmati gained appeal. The majority of the increased interest came from northwest Europe, where the crop is not historically grown or consumed, with the United Kingdom leading the way. The growing demand for healthy, sustainable foods created potential for specialized rice labelled organic or fair trade.
US market prices for long-grain milled rice remained steady in 2020, with exportable supplies remaining severely limited as virtually all of the 2019-20 crop was sold and the Delta's 2020-21 harvest was delayed, the ERS stated. US long-grain milled rice, No. 2 Grade, 4% cracked kernels (FOB Gulf port, Iraq requirements) were constant at 625 USD/MT in the week ending Oct. 6. Arkansas is the leading producing state, accounting for more than 40% of the crop in the United States.
Brazil is by far Latin America's largest milled rice producer, with a projected production of approximately 7.5 MMT in 2020. Peru came in second place with 2.4 MMT produced. In 2020, the export price in Latin America and the Caribbean was 403 USD/MT, up 1.6% from the previous year, while the import price was 451 USD/MT, up 19% from the previous year. As of August 17, the average paddy price in Brazil's largest rice producing state, Rio Grande do Sul, grew by 17% month on month to 276 USD/MT, representing a 74% year-on-year gain. From July 24 to August 14, the price of Paraguayan 5% broken white rice surged 60 USD/MT, to a new high of 480 USD/MT FOB FCL.
Procurement Resource provides latest prices of Rice. Each price database is tied to a user-friendly graphing tool dating back to 2014, which provides a range of functionalities: configuration of price series over user defined time period; comparison of product movements across countries; customisation of price currencies and unit; extraction of price data as excel files to be used offline.
Procurement Resource provides Rice prices for several regions around the globe, which are as follows:
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). Rice cultivation is well-suited for regions with high rainfall as it requires ample water and its cultivation process is labour-intensive. As a cereal grain, it is one of the most extensively consumed staple foods, particularly in Asia and Africa. It is an agricultural commodity with the third-highest production after sugarcane and maize, worldwide.
Cultivation of Rice includes several stages which are seed selection, land preparation, crop establishment, water management, nutrient and crop health management, harvesting, and post-harvest steps. Depending on the variety, a rice crop generally reaches to its maturity in around 105–150 days.
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The displayed pricing data is derived through weighted average purchase price, including contract and spot transactions at the specified locations unless otherwise stated. The information provided comes from the compilation and processing of commercial data officially reported for each nation (i.e. government agencies, external trade bodies, and industry publications).